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C O U R S E 
The Ancient Greeks
Andrew Szegedy-Maszak, Wesleyan University
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
The End of Athenian Tyranny and the Democratic Revolution
Notes taken on April 7, 2015 by Edward Tanguay
Peisistratos was a tyrant but a good ruler
Aristotle devised a special category for him
tyranny is bad but he had to make an exception for Peisistratos
as an accomplished ruler
Hippias and Hipparchus
527 BC: overtook Peisistratos' rule when he died
tyranny was passed on to them
tandem rule
ruled well and peacefully for over a decade
supported the arts
brought poets and singers to Athens
texts of Homer took on their canonical form
after ten years, things go bad
Harmodius and Aristogeiton
killed Hipparchus in order to save Athens
Thucydides is almost offended by this story
says it was simply about a personal insult
Hipparchus, the younger brother of the two, made an advance on Harmodius
Harmodius was partnered with Aristogeiton
Hipparchus then insulted the family
forbad Harmodius' sister from carrying the ceremonial offering basket at the Panathenaea festival
the young girls who participate were supposed to be virgins, so it was an insult
514 BC: Panathenaea festival
they kill Hipparchus
this becomes known as the tyrannicide
not the end of the tyranny
Harmodius and Aristogeiton are killed
Hippias' rule became much harsher
not surprisingly became paranoid against plots to kill him
began to travel around with a body guard
511 BC Hippias was expelled
Hippias took refuge on the Acropolis
that's always where one goes when one is exiled
Spartan king Kleomenes came up
helped Isagoras
Kleomenes managed to capture some members of Hippias' family
arranged negotiation
Hippias left Athens with his family
that was the end of the Peisistratid tyranny
what happens next has been the subject of enormous controversy
Athenian revolution
formulated by American scholar Josiah Ober, Stanford University (1953-)
the next big man to come up is Cleisthenes
member of the Alcmaeonid clan, they're back
Kleomenes and Isagoras attempted to take over the state
first step was to dissolve the council (boule)
the boule resists
Kleomenes and Isagoras occupy the Acropolis with Spartan garrison
some say Cleisthenes rallied the people at this point, but he was actually in exile
another source says that rest of the Athenians unite
they beseige the Spartan occupiers
on third day of seige
Kleomens surrenders
Spartans withdraw
Cleisthenes is recalled to the city
this theory posits a leaderless, popular revolution