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Notes on video lecture:
Gainsborough's Cottage Door: Charity and Sensibility
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Ostade, Pigs, soup, forest, common, prosperous, rural, theatrical, 1770, gaze, insignificant, 1784, Wollstonecraft, contemplation, duty, Sea, age, career, empathy, responsibility, working, fate, sensibility, children, Cottage, Ireland, indigent, meager, stage
Charity and Sensibility
Gainsborough painted this painting towards the end of his             
one of several pictures on this theme
how the representation of the            poor and the theme of charity became part of the civic culture of the 18th century
many of Gainsborough's works include references to labor and the                class
one theme was impoverished mothers and their                 
presented with the aim of
1. eliciting sympathy with the viewer
2. reminding the public of its own capacity for carrying out good works
               Door series
show country folk gathering around a cottage door
using in the clearing in a             
the theme first appeared about         
many paintings
18 published drawings on the theme
many show a mother with a baby in her arms
sometimes accompanied by other women
surrounded by other children ranging in       
sometimes a dog plays with the children
in one portrait, pigs are feeding nearby
feeling evoked
a happy but not a                      rural life
innocence and simplicity
draws attention to poverty in the English countryside
gentleness and complacency
related to strands of the culture of                       
an interest in sensation
style, palette, lighting
palette is high pitched, designed to draw the eye of the viewer
the composition is closed as though it might be on a           
lesson of charity
the viewer may conclude that it is the                              of the well-to-do to fee sympathy for and assist the poor
especially mothers and their babies
         Charity Relieving Distress
1783 A        Piece, A Calm
a brush stroke was so scratchy
difficult to make out subject of the work
emulated Rubens, Claude, Rosa, Murillo
admired the work of Adriaen van             , Jacob van Ruisdael, and Aelbert Cuyp
pictures show evidence of rapid enclosure of              land
the poor being driven through a countryside with carts laden with their              possessions
concerned with the social reality of the English countryside
"to him that feels it with great sensibility, a mind able to see common incidents in their real state is disposed by very common incidents to very serious                           "
in valuing what is seemingly                           , sensibility set a store by things that seemed meaningless and was moved with profound feeling in the presence of the ordinary
sensibility is an interest in and an awareness to others, and an ability to enter into them
the ability to feel with another
studies of the ordinary
but also about               
predominantly about women and usually more than one figure
some only pictured one woman
Girl with         
more commonly, he represents women and children
figures performing labor
man returning to cottage
none of the figures look out at the viewer
aware that they are the subject of the         
life is too busy for that
clothing is simple if not ragged
child eating         
another child reaches for it
Gainsborough had a concern for the care of mothers and their children
he was involved with the London Founding Hospital
painted of the hunger suffered by rural women and their children
some say, however, that the child figures appear to be relatively well fed and attractive
he shows the rural poor in a palatable manner
literature that refers to impoverished mothers and their children
no society could be happy when more than half the members are poor and miserable
it was the role of aristocratic and middle class women in particular to perform acts of charity
they should visit poor cottages and relieve their necessities
when a governess in               
visited the cabins of the poor
tender sympathy and wholesome counsels to the                  and industrious cottages
given the number of paintings of the poor
we can conclude the Gainsborough had an interest in the          of the rural working women and their children
as a man of sensibility, it was his          to teach these sentiments to others


######################### (1822-1899)
A French artist and sculptor, and animalière (painter of animals) known for her artistic realism
  • her most well-known painting is Labourage nivernais, first exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1848, and now at Musée d’Orsay in Paris
  • another famous painting is Le marché aux chevaux which was exhibited at the Salon of 1853 and is now in the New York Metropolitan Museum
  • Rosa Bonheur was claimed to be the the most famous woman painter of her time, perhaps of all time
  • Paulhan criticized her Labourage nivernais, arguing that good art simplifies, and that it was spoiled with the execution of the clods of earth
  • according to Bonheur, these clods were painted in a heartwarming way, but according to Paulhan, she did not create, but merely reproduced, providing too much insignificant detail, and weakened nature by reproducing it
  • Paul Cézanne was also unimpressed, commenting that it is horribly like the real thing

Spelling Corrections:

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