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Notes on video lecture:
John Lavery in Morocco: Orientalism and the Academy
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Tangier, Gifford, diaries, prosperous, Liotard, Picasso, Nicholas, passive, sunlight, feminine, decorative, boy, djellaba, Maghreb, decorative, intellectual, costume, Arabian, overtones, incursions, animals, academia, Morocco, lithograph, cinematic, Arabian, Algeria, Delacroix, Romantic, Turkish, Spain, paschas, Nouveau, Tiffany, Napoleon, cosmopolitan, Barbizon, 30, composition
John Lavery (1856-1941)
an Irish painter best known for his portraits and wartime depictions
1913 lived and painted in               
Lavery was living in Northern Morocco in the city of                with his wife and daughter
they lived in that city from time to time over a      year period
Australian artist Hilda Rix                  (1884-1961) visited him
"In Morocco" painting
wife and daughter were models for the painting
color scheme is delightful
there is a little Arab boy in a                  (a long loose-fitting unisex outer robe with full sleeves, worn in the Maghreb region of North Africa)
a vibrant, almost                    painting
1915 acquired by the National Gallery of Victoria
was regarded as one of his masterpieces
the brilliant evocation of the fleeting effects of                 
shows a talent for brilliant composition with a striking use of color and light, and an attention to local               
provides a record of the                      of Europeans into Morocco
an example of orientalist painting in                  in the early 20th century
an evocative study of light and color
we see the artist's family in the compound of Dar-el-Midfa
the daughter's stallion is dressed in lavish                trimmings
a Moroccan lad restrains the family's greyhound
his wife, Hazel Lavery, was herself an artist
power and agency of figures presented
are the women active or                figures
what role does the young        play in the setting
how do the                interact with the human figures in the composition
the appearance of the Lavery family in oriental costume has political                   
it's not merely relevant from a                      or artistic viewpoint
this was a theme mostly of British and French artists, even before                 
                         interest followed economic ambition
artists of the 20th century were more concerned about the formal qualities of paint, color, light, and                       
focusing on the every day life of the                (area of northwest Africa) and their enjoyment of it
Eugene                    (1798-1863)
French Romantic artist regarded as leader of the French                  school
visited Morocco in the 1830s
painted themes centered on the harems and               
17th century writers such as Racine (1639-1699) and Moliere (1622-1673)
produced written works based on narratives around                themes
Turkish art, sculpture and architecture became the subject of sustained French scholarship
artists such as Jean-Etienne                (1702-1789) and Jean-Antoine Watteau (1684-1721)
visited the Turkish court in Constantinople
painted portraits of Turkish dignitaries in what the West described as Oriental costume
1704 The                Nights were translated into French, 1706 into English
1885 translation by Richard Burton made it a well-known work in the West
after Napoleon's incursion into Egypt (1788-89)
Orientalism became more popular in                          centers throughout Europe
there had been interest in Morocco by European artists over many centuries
           claimed control over the North African coast in the early 17th century
England established a naval colony in Northern African in 1661
France formerly annexed                later in 1830
it became France's largest and most                      colony
1832 prepared to send a delegation to Morocco
sent a diplomatic mission which included Eugene Delacroix
he was 34 in 1832
wrote Moroccan               
spent three days in Algiers
1834 made sketches for Women of Algiers
1954                remade this painting
David Roberts (1796-1864)
Scottish painter
known for a prolific series of detailed                      prints of Egypt and the Near East that he produced from sketches he made during long tours of the region (1838–1840)
1830s, traveled to Tangier
Claude Monet (1840-1926)
visited North Africa
"the light and vivid colors of North Africa contained the germ of my future researches"
Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919)
visited North Africa
a celebrator of beauty and especially                  sensuality
Delacroix's diary and his work inspired many other artists to visit Tangier
Louis Comfort                (1848-1933)
an American artist and designer who worked in the                      arts and is best known for his work in stained glass
associated with Art               
Robert Swain                (1840-1905)
an American landscape painter influenced by the                  school (an art movement towards Realism in art arising out of Romanticism in the 19th century)


######################### (1821-1890)
An English explorer, geographer, translator, writer, soldier, orientalist, cartographer, ethnologist, spy, linguist, poet, fencer, and diplomat, known for his travels and explorations in Asia, Africa and the Americas, as well as his extraordinary knowledge of languages and cultures and for translating One Thousand and One Nights into English
  • Burton defied many aspects of the pervasive British ethnocentrism of his day, relishing personal contact with human cultures in all their variety
  • works and letters extensively criticized colonial policies of the British Empire, even to the detriment of his career
  • although he never finished his formal university education, he became a prolific and erudite author and wrote numerous books and scholarly articles about subjects
  • a characteristic feature of his books are the copious footnotes and appendices containing observations and information
  • one of his best-known achievements was a well-documented journey to Mecca, in disguise at a time when Europeans were forbidden access

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Book tip via tonight's Sexing the Canvas course: "Delacroix In Morocco is a sensual, impressive, scholarly, biographical, and readable book on Delacroix's remarkable work in Morocco in the 1830's. Eugene Delacroix left a wan Paris winter for a six-month adventure in North Africa. He was 35 years old, had experienced a queasy mix of acclaim and derision at the Salons, and was restless for adventure. His itinerary took him from Tangiers on an epic journey inland to visit the sultan and a stopover that included a harem visit in Algiers. In the end, he filled seven notebooks with drawings, watercolors and notes on the people, architecture and accouterments of Moroccan life."
Masters of art influenced by masters of art, via tonight's Sexing the Canvas course: "In 1834, Delacroix painted Women of Algiers in Paris, described by Paul Cezanne "all this luminous color, it seems to me that it enters the eye like a glass of wine running into your gullet making you drunk straight away" and curator Alfred Barr on Picasso's Les Femmes d'Alger (Version A), "great emphasis on ornament, arabesque, simplification"."
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Gainsborough's Cottage Door: Charity and Sensibility
Seduction in Boucher's pastoral paintings
Boucher's Madame de Pompadour: Controlling the Gaze
Rococo Eroticism in 18th Century Popular Culture
John Lavery in Morocco: Orientalism and the Academy
Hazel Lavery and the Politics of Display
Hilda Rix Nicholas in Morocco
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Henri Rousseau's The Sleeping Gypsy
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Australian Indigenous Visual Culture