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Notes on video lecture:
Ancient Musical Notation
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
1883, tomb, hardened, teachers, cuneiform, character, taught, pictures, pitches, scales, Renaissance, tablet, conceived, improvised, degrading, competitive, Renaissance, reading, Seikilos, Denmark, changes, Turkey, ages
music from 1500 BC to 1300 AD
understanding the developments of this period is critical in understanding the development of music
the era not only covers music of:
Babylonians, Ancient Greece to the                       
also covers the development of our musical notation
changed the way music was                   , composed, and the way it sounded
Mesopotamia
going back almost 4000 years almost nobody was                music as we know it today
music was rarely written down
Babylonians created the names for
intervals
            
tunings
basic form of notation
cuneiform
written with reed
fired in kiln and hardened
many of our records of                    exist today because attacking armies burned the buildings which contained clay tablets which                  in the ensuing fire and thus were preserved for posterity
Ancient Greece
there are many                  of instruments from ancient Greek culture
players with their                 
players of different         
players playing in many occasions and situations
rarely does it show anyone looking at a              or playing from any written notation
most learned to play by ear through oral tradition
music was memorized or                     
developed intervals and systems of scales
also much written about the philosophy of music in society
how music should be             
when certain scales or ranges should be used
the role of music in schools was discussed
Plato
warned that we should be cautious of any fundamental                in music
Aristotle
everyone needed to study music but only to become educated and develop                   
when you become a professional, it becomes                       , which is bad for one's character
to be paid to perform music is                    to one's character
fewer than 50 musical pieces or parts of pieces from 350 BC to 400 AD exist
                 column
musical setting on          stone
short but one of the oldest musical pieces
Greek text with letters on top representing the musical               
Greek letters stand for notes
discovered in          in             
now in National Museum in                in Copenhagen
much of Greek music and its notation was forgotten until the                       
almost a thousand years later

Ideas and Concepts:

From the unintended side effects department via tonight's Western Music History class: "Many of our records of Babylonian cuneiform exist today because invading armies would burn buildings they attacked, some of which happened to contain clay tablets that would then be hardened in the ensuing fire and thus be preserved for posterity until discovered thousands of years later."
Ancient Musical Notation
Medieval Chant Notation
Polyphony
Ars Nova, New Rhythm in the 14th Century
Musical Terms and Notation
The Baroque Era (1600-1750)
18th Century Baroque Improvisation
The Bach Family and the International Style of Baroque
Bach's Monumental Chaconne
The Classical Era (1750-1815)