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Notes on video lecture:
The Priene Inscription
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Caesar, governmental, Roma, stoa, Jewish, Flavians, Judaism, Daniel, Turkey, Christ, Polybius
the communities to which Paul writes are part of a broader range of              identity
Gentiles were interested in               
diaspora Jews were interested in being in             
                 offered story of the succession of empires from 264-146 BC
Book of              offered story of the succession of empires set in the time of Babylonian captivity
Josephus writes not as an objective historian of the Jewish War but as someone in the pay of the Roman imperial household of the                 , the ones who had burned the Temple
translates Jewish philosophies to a non-Jewish audience
Priene [PRIGH-ee-nay] Inscription
context
found on rocks in modern day Priene,             
found in the hall of the city, or         
room was probably used for the cult of         , the Greek goddess which personified Rome, and the cult of Augustus, both of whom were probably worshiped here
so Preine is a an ancient city steeped in Greek culture, but we find evidence of the honoring of Rome, Roma, and Augustus in at least three locations
two blocks: one knee high, one waist high, one of blue lime stone, one of white marble
as a                          notice, its content is very dry
first part
letter from proconsul Paulus Fabius Maximus
proposal for a new calendar for the province of Asia
the birthday of the divine              (Augustus) brings good fortune to all and suggests that the Asian League reorder their calendar to start on Octavian's birthday
second part
the league of cities of Asia respond positively
agreed that the new year would begin on September 23, the birthday of Augustus
the act described on the Priene Inscription is simultaneously political and religious
it takes part in a long tradition of honoring rules and emperors
these inscriptions were placed in centers of government and power

Vocabulary:

bouleuterion, n. a building which housed the council of citizens (boule) in Ancient Greece  "Our sole source of knowledge of the code is the fragmentary boustrophedon inscription[2] on the circular walls of what might have been a bouleuterion or other public civic building in the agora of Gortyn."
prytaneion, n. [prigh-TAY-nee-on] the seat of the executive, or the seat of government in ancient Greece, or the ancient structures where officials met relating to the government of a city, a place which contained the holy fire of Hestia, the goddess of the hearth and the symbol of the life of the city, and today  "Included in the civic honors were free meals at the town hall or prytaneion and front row seats at festivals."
stoa, n. in ancient Greek architecture, a covered walkway or portico, commonly for public usage, early stoas were open at the entrance with columns, usually of the Doric order, lining the side of the building, they created a safe, enveloping, protective atmosphere ##stoa  "A two-storied stoa, 17.5 m wide, was constructed at the eastern and western side of the agora."
cognomen, n. the third and usually last name of a citizen of ancient Rome, as "Caesar" in Gaius Julius Caesar  "Paulus Fabius Maximus talks to the Asian League about the birthday of Caesar, i.e. of Octavian, also called Augustus, who took on the cognomen of his adopted father Julius Caesar."
arete, n. [AHR-ay-tay] virtue, excellence  "Providence has filled Augustus with arete for the benefit of humanity."

People:

Polybius (200-118 BC)
Greek historian in Hellenistic Period who wrote "The Histories" which covered 264-146 BC in detail
  • describes the rise of the Roman Empire
  • he is is renowned for his ideas concerning the separation of powers in government, later used in Montesquieu's The Spirit of the Laws and in drafting the United States Constitution

Spelling Corrections:

worshippedworshiped
Paul's Letters: Authorship and Audience
Form and Physicality of Ancient Letter Writing
Paul's Letter Writing Within the Tradition of Ancient Rhetoric
Ancient Responses to the Letters of Paul
How Ancient People Wrote about Their Place in History: Polybius and Daniel
Four Stories of Empire in Judea: Babylonian, Macedonian, Seleucid, and Roman
The Roman Empire's Knowledge of Early Christian Communities
Josephus on the Definition of Jew and Christian in the Ancient World
Understanding the Historical Josephus
The Priene Inscription
Intertwining of Religion and Politics in the Roman Empire
Letters to the Corinthians
Slavery and Freedom in Roman Corinth
Slavery in First Corinthians