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Notes on video lecture:
Understanding the Historical Josephus
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
defender, Nero, prophet, reluctant, Flavian, palatable, defense, Rome, Vespasian, Hasmoneans, priestly, rhetoric, Jesus, Jewish
the historical Josephus
Josephus has a complicated              identity
he's a debated and controversial character
he started out as a leader in the movement rebelling against         
then went over to the Roman side and wrote history of the Jewish War at the pay of the                emperors
he called himself a                but was salaried by the Romans
some see him as a traitor and a collaborator
his full name is Flavius Josephus, Flavius taken from the Roman imperial household
Josephus on himself
born of distinguished                  family in Jerusalem
born around 37 AD, a few years after the execution of            as a rebel
claims he was descended from the                     , great military leaders
claims he was a child prodigy
returned in 55 to follow the Pharisees, somewhat like the Greek stoic philosophy
63 AD: chosen to serve as member of Jewish embassy to Rome
task: secure release of imprisoned priests
allowed him to move in the highest Roman circles in         's court
"The Jewish War"
account of Roman suppression from 66 to 73
"The Antiquities"
20 volumes
story of Jews from creation to last procurators before the war with Rome
"A Life"
his own story, a                against attacks from some named Justus of Tiberias
his story is complicated
conflicting stories of war with Jews in Jewish War and his life
talks about himself both as a                  of a Jewish city yet at the time he was captured by the Romans
claims that he confronts                    in 67 CE, prophesied his elevation to the imperial role and he was spared
Vespasian frees him
he also presents himself in a different way
                   of the Jewish revolt
hard to find the historical Josephus
was he a war hero or a moderate aristocrat
a better way to look at him is as a hybridity
*** he takes over, he adopts the                  of Rome in order to make his nation comprehensible to Rome
*** he molds Judaism into a form that would be                    to a Greco-Roman audience


hybridity, n. something with mixed origin or composition  "A better framework for understanding the historical Josephus is to think of him as a hybridity."

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