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Notes on video lecture:
The October Days
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
regeneration, Guard, marking, bankruptcy, anxiety, all, piggybacks, apprentice, representation, crushed, tower, abundant, Royal, Palloy, Feudalism, two, bourgeois, repudiated, Versailles, consent, governing, thousand, Ancien, calming, political, debate, ordinary, demolish
National Assembly had laid down a blueprint for a new society and a new                    system
August Decrees on                    (19 decrees made in August 1789)
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
the fundamental problem was: Louis XVI had withheld his consent on these        documents
after all Louis XVI had convened the Estates General to give him advice on the reform necessary to make the kingdom flourish again
to solve problems of                     
the National Assembly not only insisted on                    France in conjunction with him
it had now articulated a blueprint for a society which                      the fundamentals of the way that France had been
so he withdrew his                from those two crucial revolutionary statements
in Paris where was               
despite the                  harvest of 1789
bread prices remained high
Paris became the center of angry             
they were furious when news arrived that army officers in                      had shown disrespect for the new revolutionary cockade of the red, white, and blue who had stamped it under foot during a banquet
the journées of 5-6 October 1789
six                  people, mostly women, marched from Paris to Versailles 20 kilometers away
imagery suggests they were dragging not only weaponry and but wealthy                    "Femmes au chapeau"
Layfayette's National            in its wake
confronts the National Assembly and the            Family
succeed in
being admitted to the National Assembly
forcing Louis XVI to give his consent to these two decrees, as a way of                the crowd
forcing him to agree to accompany them back to Paris
instead of being surrounded by court, he will be surrounded by                  people of Paris
"we are bringing with us the baker, the baker's wife, and the baker's                     "
i.e. Louis XVI as a representative to God is responsible for feeding the people, as in the prayer, "give us this day our daily bread"
some people thought the revolution was over
the King had given his consent to those crucial decrees
a great surge of revolutionary symbols is generated
people want to find ways of                what has been achieved
began referring to the old regime as the "             Régime"
means in French not only the "old" regime but the "former" regime, or the way that things used to be
National Assembly decides to                  the Bastille fortress
contract to demolish it was won by Pierre-François             
had the stones themselves carved into                              of the fortress itself as a gift
sent off to regional administrations in France
St-Julien-du-Sault
has a            that has a stone set into it
symbolism of the revolution of 1789 takes various forms
depicts the third estate                under the foot of the privileged orders
depicts peasant men and women giving                      to noble classes claiming, "let's hope this game is soon over"
third estate members celebrating
all three estates celebrating together
a hope of                         
that the three estates will be reunited with the common goal of remaking a France in which        can celebrate

Vocabulary:

cockade, n. a badge, usually in the form of a rosette, or knot, and generally worn upon the hat as an indication of military or naval service, or party allegiance  "They were furious when news arrived that army officers in Versailles had shown disrespect for the new revolutionary cockade of the red, white, and blue who had stamped it under foot during a banquet."

People:

Pierre-François Palloy (1755-1835)
Entrepreneurial building contractor remembered for the demolition of the Bastille
  • married the daughter of a building contractor and joined the trade himself, eventually taking over his new family's business
  • by 1789 he had made the company one of the largest building firms in Paris, employing 400 workers
  • when the Bastille fell on July 14, 1789 there was some debate as to what should replace it
  • Palloy knew exactly what he wanted to do and by that evening had begun the process of dismantling the structure
  • he secured the contract to demolish the building two days later
  • Palloy labelled himself a patriot and emphasized the symbolism of the Bastille, writing speeches, painting pictures, and even arranging celebratory festivals and theatrical reconstructions of the day the Bastille fell
  • he sent miniature replicas of the Bastille to each of the 83 departments asking only to be reimbursed for transport and postage

Spelling Corrections:

VersailleVersailles
bourgeouisbourgeois
An Introduction to the French Revolution
The Essentials of 18th Century France
18th Century French Clergy and Nobility
The Importance of Regionalism and Locality in 18th Century France
The Contribution of the Philosophes to the French Revolution
What were People of 18th Century France Reading?
The Atlantic Democratic Revolution and the Republic of Letters
1780s France Financial Crisis and its Repercussions
The Third Estate in Revolt
The Peasantry in Revolt
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
The October Days
1789-91: Making the New Nation
Unresolved Issues of the Revolution