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C O U R S E 
The French Revolution
Peter McPhee, The University of Melbourne
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
The October Days
Notes taken on January 26, 2015 by Edward Tanguay
National Assembly had laid down a blueprint for a new society and a new political system
August Decrees on Feudalism (19 decrees made in August 1789)
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
the fundamental problem was: Louis XVI had withheld his consent on these two documents
after all Louis XVI had convened the Estates General to give him advice on the reform necessary to make the kingdom flourish again
to solve problems of bankruptcy
the National Assembly not only insisted on governing France in conjunction with him
it had now articulated a blueprint for a society which repudiated the fundamentals of the way that France had been
so he withdrew his consent from those two crucial revolutionary statements
in Paris where was anxiety
despite the abundant harvest of 1789
bread prices remained high
Paris became the center of angry debate
they were furious when news arrived that army officers in Versailles had shown disrespect for the new revolutionary cockade of the red, white, and blue who had stamped it under foot during a banquet
the journées of 5-6 October 1789
six thousand people, mostly women, marched from Paris to Versailles 20 kilometers away
imagery suggests they were dragging not only weaponry and but wealthy bourgeois "Femmes au chapeau"
Layfayette's National Guard in its wake
confronts the National Assembly and the Royal Family
succeed in
being admitted to the National Assembly
forcing Louis XVI to give his consent to these two decrees, as a way of calming the crowd
forcing him to agree to accompany them back to Paris
instead of being surrounded by court, he will be surrounded by ordinary people of Paris
"we are bringing with us the baker, the baker's wife, and the baker's apprentice"
i.e. Louis XVI as a representative to God is responsible for feeding the people, as in the prayer, "give us this day our daily bread"
some people thought the revolution was over
the King had given his consent to those crucial decrees
a great surge of revolutionary symbols is generated
people want to find ways of marking what has been achieved
began referring to the old regime as the "Ancien Régime"
means in French not only the "old" regime but the "former" regime, or the way that things used to be
National Assembly decides to demolish the Bastille fortress
contract to demolish it was won by Pierre-François Palloy
had the stones themselves carved into representation of the fortress itself as a gift
sent off to regional administrations in France
has a tower that has a stone set into it
symbolism of the revolution of 1789 takes various forms
depicts the third estate crushed under the foot of the privileged orders
depicts peasant men and women giving piggybacks to noble classes claiming, "let's hope this game is soon over"
third estate members celebrating
all three estates celebrating together
a hope of regeneration
that the three estates will be reunited with the common goal of remaking a France in which all can celebrate