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Notes on video lecture:
The Third Estate in Revolt
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Sieyès, fear, surrenders, fertile, priests, Necker, noble, orator, National, hungry, join, Bastille, bodies, horror, Desmoulins, state, Estates, Third, military, troop, nation, common, sweeping, elated, taxation, locked, one, confrontation, mayor, cleric, Robespierre, Lafayette, meet, disperse, customs, tennis, aristocratic, change, trumped, press, grievances, six
the Third Estate
King Louis XVI required the members of the three estates to formulate lists of                     
also lifted constraints on freedom of           
so that debates would be freer, more open and more               
Abbé                            (SEE-yez) takes advantage of this
from common birth
brilliant young man but experienced frustration because the fact of his common birth meant he was devoid of the                          connection networks
by age of 40 a senior and respected              but he knows he will never be able to become a bishop or archbishop
1788 wrote "What is the Third Estate"
the third estate can govern itself, it can be the             
there seems to be two other stages: nobles and clergy, but in fact there is only       , since the senior clergy are all nobles
opts to stand as a            Estate deputy in Paris, dressed in common black costume instead of his clerical fineries
May 5, 1789:                General
the meeting of the three estates
by his speech, it is clear that Louis XVI is keen for                  reform
needs this reform, especially in terms of                 , if the state is to find its way out of bankruptcy
says the three orders should go to their separate meeting places and start discussing affairs of           
Third Estate refuses to          separately
insist that members of all three should meet in a              assembly
standoff lasts        weeks
June 20, 1789: Third Estate's meeting place has been             
apparently an accident
they adjourn to a nearby, indoor              court
they take an oath not to                  until they have given France a constitution
we will hence forth conduct ourselves as the                  Assembly
we call on members of the other two orders to          us
some of the Parish                do start joining them
Maximilien                        elected to represent his province
reports back home how              he is at the participation and enthusiasm of the Third Estate
Louis XVI hesitates but later agrees that members should join the Third Estate as the National Assembly
20 kilometers away in Paris
there are            movements
people are nervous
rumors spread
that hostile members of the court are preparing some kind of                  action
to expel this                up National Assembly
the National Assembly as it calls itself is saved by a new act of revolution
common people of Paris
people who are
fired up about the possibility of             
anxious about the troops in their city
             since the harvest of 1788 had been poor
Louis XVI dismisses finance minister             
the one non-           in his cabinet
the trigger that sent          into the people of Paris
why would the king expel the one non-noble in his court?
had been in school with Robespierre before the Revolution
street              who encouraged crowds in Paris to take part in the revolution to protect the Third Estate
unruly crowds in Paris
turned their anger against the custom houses
               wall had been built around the city of Paris with 48 customs houses
taxes were levied here and were terribly unpopular
turned their attention for the search for weapons
break into the Invalide, the great hospital
the cry goes up to take the fortress of                 
14th of July, laid siege to the fortress
soldiers open fire and scores of Parisians lie dead and wounded
governor who called for the shootings                      and is put to death in a particularly cruel way, effective hacked to pieces by the mob
Hanging of Foulon and Bertier de Sauvigny
July 22, 1789
Sauvigny,            of Paris
Foulon was marked to replace Necker
they tried to escape but where caught, killed in a cruel way, and their              were displayed in the city
these acts proved difficult for the Third Estate
on the one hand, these acts saved the National Assembly
on the other hand there are some acts of              which have been committed
Marquis de                   
had been the head of forces who helped Americans
elected him
powerful and wealthy noble
chosen as the first elected mayor of Paris
the National Assembly seemed to be successful
but it is an extraordinary                            that the people of Paris have unleashed against the regime


######################### (1748-1836)
French Roman Catholic abbé whose 1789 pamphlet "What is the Third Estate?" became the de facto manifesto of the French Revolution
  • first name Emmanuel
  • was among the instigators of the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire (9 November), which brought Napoleon Bonaparte to power
  • coined the term "sociologie"
An Introduction to the French Revolution
The Essentials of 18th Century France
18th Century French Clergy and Nobility
The Importance of Regionalism and Locality in 18th Century France
The Contribution of the Philosophes to the French Revolution
What were People of 18th Century France Reading?
The Atlantic Democratic Revolution and the Republic of Letters
1780s France Financial Crisis and its Repercussions
The Third Estate in Revolt
The Peasantry in Revolt
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
The October Days
1789-91: Making the New Nation
Unresolved Issues of the Revolution
The Turning Point in Church Reform