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Notes on video lecture:
The Essentials of 18th Century France
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
villages, 1710, Mediterranean, stock, port, cathedrals, hold, Versailles, commons, kings, medieval, edifices, bread, excess, suburbs, doubles, stability, 85, crops, specialized, church, slow, royal, Jacquard, revolution, 19th, dominated, independence, 28, Russia, 40
contemporary Paris
we are used to a France that is                    by Paris
today 1 in 7 people in France live in Paris and its               
2.3 million people
Paris was almost fully rebuilt in the middle of the          century
18th century Paris
a far more congested,                  city of winding, narrow streets
was much smaller
only 1 in      people in France lived in Paris
Paris didn't have the          on France that it does today
Paris it was not the capital
Versailles was capital from 1722 until 1789, when a throng invaded the capital and forced the            family to move back to Paris
France in 18th century
vast majority lived in                  and rural towns throughout France
    % directly tilled the soil
outside of European             , France is the largest country in Europe
population      million, about half of its population today
difficult to govern since communications were          and difficult
10 days for news to travel from Paris to                            coast
average town was 400-500 people
produced many different kinds of           
everyone in the household helped
markets were important
farmers came in with              produce
overwhelmingly a land of manual labor
very small work places
e.g. master clock maker would produce for a well-to-do clientele
very little industry
starting to experiment e.g. with                 's loom
but essentially artisan-based
a society of orders or estates
ancient form of social organization
1. clergy
2. nobility
almost every community was characterized by the presence of the             
statements of power and order structure in a physical sense through architecture
1. power of the clergy
                     were awe-inspiring in comparison to everyday life, a physical statement of the way the world was in terms of authority and the place of the church
2. power of the nobility
the royal palace in                      was completed in         
an awesome statement of the power of the            of France
impressed anyone who saw it and communicated a sense of power and                   
one has to ask how a                      was able of challenging a regime who was capable of investing itself in                  like this
forms of change slowly occurring
1. growth of          cities along the coast
               in size during the 18th century
represents a new form of commercial wealth
           exchange, a symbol of the power of liquid wealth, a main source of change
La Rochelle
booming because slave-based plantation economy in the New World is booming
French people are developing a taste for the commodities of the New World
2. rural communities are beginning to produce                        products
e.g. Champagne
regions around Paris producing inexhaustible need for            for the 700,000 people of Paris
3. across the Atlantic, British colonists had declared their                         
there were repercussions of France's involvement in this the war of liberation from a nation by a new republic

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An Introduction to the French Revolution
The Essentials of 18th Century France
18th Century French Clergy and Nobility
The Importance of Regionalism and Locality in 18th Century France
The Contribution of the Philosophes to the French Revolution
What were People of 18th Century France Reading?
The Atlantic Democratic Revolution and the Republic of Letters
1780s France Financial Crisis and its Repercussions
The Third Estate in Revolt
The Peasantry in Revolt
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
The October Days
1789-91: Making the New Nation
Unresolved Issues of the Revolution
The Turning Point in Church Reform