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Notes on video lecture:
Confucius: I Transmit, I Do Not Innovate
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
uncouthness, barbarians, alive, aesthetic, male, creator, highest, reshape, grow, one, virtues, unformed, demeanor, ugly, children, gentlemen, families, horrific, conservative, royal, language, community, narrow, anyone, social, meritocracy, Zhou, piety, inner, junzi
Confucius sees himself as merely passing on the Western          tradition
Analects 7.1
"I transmit, I do not innovate."
doesn't see himself as a                or an innovator
however, Confucius did actually innovate or transform Zhou thought
1. idea of a                   
he's democratizing the idea of           
anyone can become a junzi
at least any          can
similar to the change in English
anyone who acts like a gentleman is a gentleman
we mean he's cultured, well-mannered
the Confucian way was open only to men
he in fact has quite                  views of women
2. from outer beauty to            beauty
the virtue of being a perfected human being
in the Zhou dynasty, definition is much more             
the physical appearance of a junzi (gentleman)
"handsome" or "well-formed"
Confucius internalizes ren from an external to an internal quality
not about beauty in an                    sense but about being perfectly formed morally
3. democratized the "de"
in the Zhou dynasty, the de was something you could possess if you were from the Zhou            line
for Confucius, anyone can acquire "de"
anyone who becomes a gentleman can get this power
become a morally perfected person in line with heaven is not the province of a hereditary class
is accessible to              (men) who adopt Zhou culture
you can see the seeds of                        here which get set up later in the Chinese exam system
in theory everyone could take this exam and whoever scores the                score is prime minister, the second highest gets the second position
being an elite is a result of commitment, learning, and making yourself of who you are
4. ritual makes us human
Confucius considers himself passing down the tradition of Zhou ritual
Zhou ritual even encompassed how you act when you are alone
Confucius universalizes ritual, it becomes the human                 
the primary means by which we become human beings
a cultural and behavior language which helps us act like human beings instead of animals
anyone can adopt it
ritual is about creating               
at one point when Confucius can't get anyone to listen to him, he says he is going to go live among the "Eastern                     "
uncouth people
half naked
"if a gentleman lived among them, what                        would there be?"
even the wildest Barbarians can become Chinese through the influence of the gentleman and learning Chinese culture
there is only        correct culture and it is the Chinese culture and anyone can adopt it
different than the Japanese or Jewish conception of culture which are both exclusive
so Chinese culture has been able to assimilate other cultures because of this idea that anyone who adopts the proper practices can become a properly cultivated Chinese person
5. culturally deeply                         
human nature is not particularly helpful
xing = human nature
we are all born the same
we are all born equally crude and                 
on the issue if human nature is good or bad, Confucius doesn't have a statement on that
human nature is neutral tending toward badness, crude and uncouth in and of itself, so we need to have culture to                this material
metaphor of craft formation
reshaping a raw material which, by itself, has no shape and is         , needing to be formed into a crafted, beautiful object
6. importance of                   
modern Western view, e.g. Canada and America
the person is very individualistic
we are lone individuals striding through the world, endowed with stuff by nature that makes us who we are
we move away from our                  at an early age and establish our own identity
for Confucius
culture makes us human
family and community makes us a person
we are a person in and of the social roles we inhabit
who we are is informed by the role
in the family
in the community
a big part of the Confucian way is to perfect family and              roles
not trying to cultivate an asocial excellence in people
they are social virtues which allow us to take our place in a community
7. filial           
xiao [syow]
the virtue of being an obedient child
obey your parents and do what they say
Analects 2.5: "What is filial piety? / Do not disobey. When your parents are alive, serve them in accordance with the rites, when they pass away, bury them in accordance with the rites and sacrifice to them in accordance with the rites."
not completely unqualified obedience
Analects 4.18: "In serving your parents you may gently remonstrate with them. However, once it becomes apparent that they have not taken your criticism to heart you should be respectful and not oppose them, and follow their lead diligently without resentment."
a fairly conservative view
this is foreign to us
we have an idea that                  should become independent as soon as possible
family should be a site for negotiation
is still very much            in Asian countries
not just actions but attitude
Analects 2.8: "It is the                  that is difficult"
not just obeying them physically, but internally
take on their values
the most basic virtue
the root from which the other virtues         
get this virtues right in the family

Spelling Corrections:


Ideas and Concepts:

On the fundamental differences between Confucianism and Christianity via tonight's Ancient Chinese Thought class:

"If you want to find a comparison to Jesus in Chinese history, look to Mo Tzu, not Confucius, as there are at least four fundamental differences between Confucianism and Christianity:

1. Confucianism relied on the government, but Christianity started as a movement against governmental authority.

2. Confucius and his followers kept a distance from gods and spirits, whereas Jesus and his followers relied heavily on miracles and mysterious phenomena to preach.

3. Confucius held that gentlemen should not form parties and should not compete with each other, where Jesus painted his group as a unique one by criticizing others, and struggled to get a larger social space for his Christianity.

4. Christianity had strict organization and an outward itinerary which relied going out to preach, whereas Confucianism remained at the level of academic thought and self-cultivation."
The Definition of Religion
Mind/Body Dualism and Cognitive Control
Deontology, Utilitarianism, and Virtue Ethics
Wu-Wei, Dao, Tien and De
The Shang Dynasty (1554-1045 BC)
The Beginnings of Written Chinese History
Eastern Holistic Thinking and the Paradox of Virtue
The Golden Age of the Western Zhou (1046–771 BCE)
Philosophical and Conceptual Innovations in Zhou Thought
Confucius and the Analects
Confucius: I Transmit, I Do Not Innovate
Confucius' Use of Ritual as a Tool
Confucius' View on Learning vs. The Enlightenment
Confucius and Holistic Education
Confucius and the Art of Self-Cultivation
At Home in Virtue
Non-Coercive Comportment, Virtue, and Charisma of the Zhou
The Transition to Becoming Sincere
The Primitivists in the Analects
Laozi and the Daodejing
Laozi: Stop the Journey and Return Home
Laozi and The Desires of the Eye
Laozi: He Who Speaks Does Not Know
The Concept of Reversion
Laozi on Shutting Down the Prefrontal Cortex
The Guodian Laozi
Mozi and Materialist State Consequentialism
Mozi's Idea of Ideological Unity
Mozi's Doctrine of Impartial Caring
Mozi's Anti-Confucian Chapters
Mozi's Religious Fundamentalism and Organized Activism
The Language Crisis in the Warring States Period
Yang Zhu and Mid-Warring States' Focus on the Body
The Guodian School of Confucianism
Qi and Self-Cultivation