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Notes on video lecture:
Laozi and the Daodejing
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
rebel, conscription, watered, know, battling, philosophical, archeological, crossbow, Ru, Shakyamuni, culture, killed, founder, important, Zhou, Daoist, burn, mythical, villages, Qin, chariot, Confucius, dangerous, horrified, 1960s, Analects, disgusted, prosper, horses, disillusionment, military, Laozi, tomb, commoners, authoritarian, Napalm, full, Virtue, master, tension
The Daodejing
"Classic of Way and             "
earliest transmitted text after the                 
and early Warring States text
                           versions of it have been found
versions that are very different from the received text
whole passages missing
different wording
the first of the              texts
there is no Daoist movement per se
it's not a coherent group with a               
Daoist groups are very loose-knit
have disagreements among themselves
a suspicion of               
particularly of Confucian culture
a faith in nature
although this manifests itself differently for different Daoists
attributed to a figure named           
name means "the old             "
legendary figure, founder of                            Taoism
usually dated to around the 6th century BCE and reckoned a contemporary of                   
Laozi's work has been embraced by anti-                           movements
we have stories of him training Confucius
Confucius comes to him to learn ritual
Laozi turns him away because he doesn't quite get it
Laozi is suspicious of language but yet this is being communicated in a book
so there is a                involved
"He who speaks does not         ."
explained by
Laozi was                    by how bad China was at the time
attempted to leave to the West but border guard forced him to write a book, so Laozi reluctantly wrote it down
some of these stories say that he was allowed to pass through to the West and became the Buddha                     
there were interesting parallels between Daoism and Buddhism
and so it is explained that Buddhism is just                down Daoism
there was probably never a figure named Laozi
this was common in China: a person or a group of people write a book of teachings and then attribute it to a                  figure
is a composite text
probably put together by a group of primitivist writers
attributed to Laozi to give it authority
individual chapters of the Daodejing probably circulated in independent form
general themes
how your Daodejing that you put together depended on what you deemed                   
the primitivists who wrote Daodejing
parallels with the counter culture movement in the            which was fueled by the Vietnam war
a strong backlash against the establishment and against science
science was being used for horrible things such as Agent Orange and             
reaction against
clearly                    by the warfare of their times
political and military chaos of Warring States
475-221 BC Warring States period
states are constantly                  against each other, e.g.
the        eventually gained power over all of them
a clear                                with the ruling class, with the elites
because these advocates were literate, they were probably from the elite themselves
turning against their own class
475-221 BC Warring States period
a very                    time to be alive
pre Warring States
Western          quite stable
Eastern Zhou things started to break down
when we get to the Warring States period, there is full warfare between these states
states are constantly fighting with one another
if you are a member of the elite, it is a dangerous time
you're fighting
you're in the army
if your state gets taken over, you and all of your relatives are              and all adherents to your state
they eliminate any            forces that might later rise up
for                   , things are also getting bad
the shift in warfare styles from limited warfare to total warfare
originally warfare in the Zhou was an elite practice
similar to Europe at this time: the elite of one state going to war against the elite of another state
chariot-based warfare
states were evaluated by how many chariots they could field in a war, e.g. a 10,000                state
common people were not directly involved
perhaps taking care of the              and moving food around
warfare then changed
                         of peasantry
elites still go to war but they are in the back
the people in the front are massive armies of peasants and most of the killing are among the peasants
the first emperor of Qin's         
massive army of the dead
gives you a sense of what warfare was beginning to look like in the Warring States
mass armies of peasants fighting against other mass armies of peasants
        -scale warfare
wipe out the other state
         their crops
Analects responded to this as well
we need to be more civilized
primitivists began to doubt the value of civilization itself
believed that technology was being used more to kill people than to make them healthy and               
both armor and armament is getting better
                 is being invented around this time
new, powerful ways to kill other people
anti-Confucius strain
Confucius: the enemy of the elite
Confucius is associated with the elite and the elite are viewed as part of the problem
the elite
decide to go to war against another state
call up troops
the      class is associated with elite political circles

Spelling Corrections:

The Definition of Religion
Mind/Body Dualism and Cognitive Control
Deontology, Utilitarianism, and Virtue Ethics
Wu-Wei, Dao, Tien and De
The Shang Dynasty (1554-1045 BC)
The Beginnings of Written Chinese History
Eastern Holistic Thinking and the Paradox of Virtue
The Golden Age of the Western Zhou (1046–771 BCE)
Philosophical and Conceptual Innovations in Zhou Thought
Confucius and the Analects
Confucius: I Transmit, I Do Not Innovate
Confucius' Use of Ritual as a Tool
Confucius' View on Learning vs. The Enlightenment
Confucius and Holistic Education
Confucius and the Art of Self-Cultivation
At Home in Virtue
Non-Coercive Comportment, Virtue, and Charisma of the Zhou
The Transition to Becoming Sincere
The Primitivists in the Analects
Laozi and the Daodejing
Laozi: Stop the Journey and Return Home
Laozi and The Desires of the Eye
Laozi: He Who Speaks Does Not Know
The Concept of Reversion
Laozi on Shutting Down the Prefrontal Cortex
The Guodian Laozi
Mozi and Materialist State Consequentialism
Mozi's Idea of Ideological Unity
Mozi's Doctrine of Impartial Caring
Mozi's Anti-Confucian Chapters
Mozi's Religious Fundamentalism and Organized Activism
The Language Crisis in the Warring States Period
Yang Zhu and Mid-Warring States' Focus on the Body
The Guodian School of Confucianism
Qi and Self-Cultivation