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Notes on video lecture:
Battle of Chaeronea (338 BC)
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Macedonians, Sacred, Greece, Mediterranean, oligarchic, terrain, Gugamela, territory, right, professional, Cavalry, Corinth, Athens, 1800, 1000, soft, tactical, sacred, Phocians, tactics, Thebes, rhomboid, professional, Amphictyonic, Thessaly, Delphi, Alexander
during large, set-piece battles that                    fought
companion cavalry usually stationed on           -hand side
on the left-hand side, the Cavalry of                 
         man strong unit
commanded by a Macedonian officer
fought in a diamond or                  shape
a defensive shape
allowed to fight in any direction
Battle of                 
though heavily outnumbered, Alexander emerged victorious due to his superior                and army
defensive fighting allowed Alexander to launch a wedge attack against left side of Persian lines
               of Thessaly equal to that of Macedon
big picture
what Philip did was to create the first truly                          army in world history
in fact, what he did was turn a state into an army
an army trained to fight in any                  situation
under any circumstances
on any               
throughout the year
this was not an army of amateur citizen soldiers as in             
this was an army of professionals whose sole profession was warfare
during the 350s and 340s first the                 , then the Thessalonians
until he came into contact and conflict of that second ring of Macedon's enemies, the city-states of central Greece
Third              War (356–346 BC)
fought between the forces of the Delphic                          League, principally represented by Thebes, and latterly by Philip II of Macedon, and the Phocians
caused by a large fine imposed in 357 BC on the Phocians by the Amphictyonic League (dominated at that moment by             ), for the offense of cultivating sacred land, refusing to pay, the Phocians instead seized the Temple of Apollo in             
338 BC: Battle of Chaeronea [Χαιρώνεια]
matters came to a head at the
between the Macedonians led by Philip II of Macedon and an alliance of some of the Greek city-states including              and Thebes
battle was the culmination of Philip's campaign in Greece (339–338 BC) and resulted in a decisive victory for the                       
Philip had the more                          army
Philip's 18 year old son, Alexander, led the decisive charge through the line of the city-states
         Athenians were killed
entire              band of Thebes wiped out
the outcome changed the course of history for Greece and the                            world
the Athenians received back their 2000 prisoners of war
but were forced into an alliance with the Macedonians
Thebes lost control of the rich, agricultural plain around the city and an                      government was imposed upon it
Sparta, which had taken no part in the battle, had its                    invaded
Macedonian garrisons were installed at               , Thebes, and elsewhere
Macedon's domination of Greece was no longer a matter of diplomacy and          power, but a fact of arms

Spelling Corrections:


Ideas and Concepts:

Military vocabulary via tonight's Alexander the Great class:

"set-piece battle, n. a battle where both sides choose to fight at a chosen location and time and where either side has the option to disengage either before the battle starts, or shortly after the first armed exchanges, i.e. not a chance encounter such as a skirmish, or where one side is forced to fight at a time not of their choosing such as happens in a siege

During the large set-piece battles that Alexander fought, the companion cavalry was usually stationed on the right-hand side of the Macedonian lines, while on the left-hand side was another large cavalry formation, the cavalry of Thessaly."
On things fathers pass down to their sons, via tonight's Alexander the Great class: "What Philip of Macedon did was to create the first truly professional army in world history. In fact, what he did was turn a state into an army, an army trained to fight in any tactical situation, under any circumstances, on any terrain, throughout the year. This was not an army of amateur citizen soldiers as in the Greek city-states, this was an army of professionals whose sole profession was warfare."
Alexander the Great, the Terrible, or the Insignificant
Why Study Alexander the Great?
The Importance of the Battle of Thermopylae
The Peloponnesian War and Internal Greek Struggles
Early Macedon
The Nature of Macedon
Philip II of Macedon's Military Reforms
Alexander's Cavalry Units
Battle of Chaeronea (338 BC)