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Notes on video lecture:
Alexander's Cavalry Units
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
envelop, mounts, abundance, one, playbook, locally, punch, underhand, Philip, battle, blades, broad, gaps, smaller, stirrups, resources, front, Macedon, Persian, central, not, retreating, weapon, cranes, time, body
raising horses
the land and resources of        particularly suited to rearing horses, which require:
people who could spend high amounts of          tending to them
none of these are in                   
broad fields
much food
much water
large group of Macedonian nobles were willing to spend their                    on breeding and raising a large number of resources
just as             , introduced their sons to horses and riding from a very young age
put into one of the units of the cavalry
two squadrons
200-250 riders in each squadron
royal squadron
fought around the king when he fought in battle
a kind of an extended          guard of the king
the best riders in all the kingdom of Macedon
most riders were probably excellent horsemen
               on average
did not have saddles or                 
had to control their              with used:
harsh bridles and bits
pressure with legs
had to
ride galloping at 35 miles per hour
stay in formation
held reins of horse with        hand
             in the other hand
all the while dodging javelins and arrows
primary weapon
tapered, three-meter-long lance
             at both ends, just in case your lance broke
you would still have part of a weapon with a sharp edge to it
you could throw the lance
or thrust with it overhand or                   
in famous Alexander mosaic, he is thrusting with one of those lances
also reserve weapons
very likely the majority wore metal helmets and breastplates
difference between cavalry of Greek city-states and Macedon
Greek city-states
provided cover for
                     infantry men
to                their foes
to            holes through the lines of their enemies
an offensive strike force design to open up          in enemy lines
attacked enemy lines on a wedge formation that focused speed, mass, and force on a single point
the wedge was formed in the shape of the Greek letter "Δ", or Delta
in doing so, that distinguished their doctrine of attack from other cavalry contingents which usually attacked on a            front
thereby diffusing the amount of power and momentum that they brought to the              field
the leaders of each wedge fought at the           
the cavalry men followed him like              following a lead crane in flight
when the leader turned left or right, they simple followed him
it was Philip apparently who introduced this wedge formation into the Macedonian cavalry                 
in each of the major battles that Alexander fought that ended up that ended up overturning the                empire, he fought at the front of one of those wedges


mount, n. a means of conveyance, such as a horse, on which to ride  "Not having saddles or stirrups, ancient Macedonian horsemen had to control their mounts by the use of harsh bridles, or bit, or the pressure they exerted with their legs."

Spelling Corrections:


Ideas and Concepts:

Equestrian military strategies of Alexander the Great via this morning's Alexander the Great course: "While the cavalry of the central Greek city-states provided mainly cover for their flanks and retreating infantry men, in Macedon, the purpose of the cavalry was to envelop their foes, punch holes through the lines of their enemies, and carry out an offensive strike force designed to open up gaps in enemy lines. The Macedonians attacked enemy lines in a wedge formation that focused speed, mass, and force on a single point, the wedge being formed in the shape of the Greek letter "Δ", or Delta. This unique strategy distinguished Macedon´s doctrine of attack from the cavalry contingents of the day which usually attacked on a broad front that only diffused the amount of power and momentum that was brought to the battle field. The leaders of each Macedonian wedge force fought at the front of the triangle heading directly into battle, companion cavalry men following him like cranes behind the lead crane in flight. When the leader turned left or right, his fellow cavalry men simply followed his direction. It was Alexander's father Philip who apparently introduced this wedge formation into the Macedonian cavalry playbook, and at each of the decisive battles that Alexander fought which ended up overturning the Persian empire, Alexander fought at the front of one of those wedges."
Alexander the Great, the Terrible, or the Insignificant
Why Study Alexander the Great?
The Importance of the Battle of Thermopylae
The Peloponnesian War and Internal Greek Struggles
Early Macedon
The Nature of Macedon
Philip II of Macedon's Military Reforms
Alexander's Cavalry Units
Battle of Chaeronea (338 BC)