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Notes on video lecture:
The Nature of Macedon
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
bureaucrats, Amyntas, culture, nine, citizens, different, Perdiccas, backwater, Hellenes, bloodshed, Argos, killed, rivals, personal, resources, Pella, Euripides, thugs, Bacchae, notorious, marrying, Alexander, treason, nobles, prosecutors, Temenid, daughter, army, petitions, Greek, Persian, defense, rhetorical, professional, autocracy, fourth, stability, Philip
there were prominent 4th century Greeks who didn't consider the Macedonians to be Greek or                  at all
or they made this claim for                      reasons
what we know is that the Macedonian kings, including                   , could speak, write, and read Greek fluently
although some sources indicate that Greeks couldn't necessarily understand Macedonians
because Macedonian was probably a dialect of           
but one can say that Macedon was a very                    kind of place than the Greek city states
there were some Greek city-states which had kings during the              century
but in the vast majority of the 1000 and more polis, or city-states of the Greek world, there were in fact assemblies of                 , councils, and elected officials who were bound by often written laws
in Macedon by contrast, the                kings were essentially the state, bound by no constitutional restrictions, written or otherwise
the Temenid kings were understood to have descended from a man named Temenus of           , who was said to be a descendent of Heracles
Macedonian army might acclaim a new king and might serve as in                trials of Macedonian nobles
but the kings serves as the                       
the selected their own successors
they made rulings in cases of                   
and treaties between Macedon and other places were signed in the names of the kings themselves
there were no                        or lawyers in Macedon
the Macedonian kings lived among their picked companions and friends,                  as many women as they wished, sometimes even for diplomatic reasons, and drinking heavily
their parties were famous, even                   
at those parties, the Macedonian              didn't hesitate to speak their minds
the parties often ended in                   
most of the kings who preceded              died in battle or were assassinated
Macedon really was an                    tempered by assassination
for all of the drama and bloodshed, the Macedonian kings were finally able to
master their              in lower and upper Macedon
harness the                    of the kingdom
King Archelaus I of Macedon (469-399 BC)
raised the level of               
                   came to the Macedonean court between 408-406 BC
wrote one of his most troubling and powerful tragedies, the               , a the Macedonian court
the foundation of the court in            is still visible today
richly decorated
Pella was no cultural                    during the fourth century BCE
it means that Alexander the Great was not brought up among a bunch of barbarian            as some Athenian orders applied
yet the threat of                    persisted
because the power in Macedon was                 
between 400-360 BC there were          kings of Macedon
                   III (368-359 BC)
killed in a battle against the Illyrians along with 4000 soldiers
               IV (infant)
was left to be king barely old enough to walk let along defend the kingdom
Philip II
in his place, his uncle, Philip II took power, father of Alexander the Great
took responsibility for the                of Macedon
gave his                  to Amyntas
set about a reform of Macedon's          that would lead to the creation of the world's first truly                          army
was Amyntas' cousin and so Alexander had him              to insure that he would stay in power
used that professional army to conquer the                empire


######################### (469-399 BC)
  • king of Macedon from 413 to 399 BC, he was a capable and beneficent ruler, known for the sweeping changes he made in state administration, the military, commerce, and the arts
  • moved the Macedonian capital from Aigae to Pella and founded Macedonian Olympian Games in Dion, among other reasons because the Greek Olympic Games were forbidden to barbarians, or outsiders, including the Macedonians
  • completely reverse Macedon's relationship with Athens, as they experienced a crushing defeat at Syracuse in late 413 during which most of their ships were destroyed, Archelaus generously supplied the Athenians with the timber they needed to rebuild
  • issued high quality coinage
  • was a man of culture and extended cultural and artistic contacts with southern Greece
  • hosted great poets, tragedians, including Agathon [Ἀγάθων] (no works survived) and Euripides (who wrote his tragedies Archelaus and The Bacchae while in Macedon), as well as musicians and painters, including Zeuxis (no works survived), the most celebrated painter of the time

Spelling Corrections:

Alexander the Great, the Terrible, or the Insignificant
Why Study Alexander the Great?
The Importance of the Battle of Thermopylae
The Peloponnesian War and Internal Greek Struggles
Early Macedon
The Nature of Macedon
Philip II of Macedon's Military Reforms
Alexander's Cavalry Units
Battle of Chaeronea (338 BC)