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Notes on video lecture:
Middle East Economy in the 19th Century
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Istanbul, banks, 25, abortion, Tigris, killed, commerce, labor, Iran, Persians, Britain, capital, identities, production, immigration, Armenian, sixth, women, 30, Christian, Anatolia, highly
19th century Middle East
population approximately      million
Iran: 6 million
Ottoman territories: 24 million
Egypt: 3.5 million
since 1800, Egypt's population has increased      times
in 1800, the Middle East was underpopulated, today it is              populated
population was kept low
wars that continuously broke out between the Ottomans and the                 , or between the Ottomans and the various European powers
disease was common
1785: one-           of the population of Egypt died because of the plague
1812: 300,000 people died in                  from the plague
birth control mainly through                 
population almost completely dependent on the flow of three rivers: Nile, Euphrates, and             
demographic revolution during the 19th century
introduction of Western medicine
public health measures
better communications
increased security
reduced violence
Ottoman Empire was gradually losing much of its                    population
led to the                        of Muslims from these places
in this way, the Ottoman Empire became more Muslim and less Christian during the 19th century
1912-1923 demographic disaster in                 
20% of the population of Anatolia died
10% emigrated
territorialization of identity
religious communities began to seek new                      in the form of a state with geographical boundaries
led to bloody clashes
                 genocide of 1915
wholesale killing of the able-bodied male population through massacre and subjection of army conscripts to forced           
deportation of           , children, the elderly and infirm on death marches leading to the Syrian desert
between 1 and 1.5 million people were             
because of the growth of population in the Middle East in the 19th century, by the eve of World War I, the Middle East was no longer self-sufficient in food                     
this has become a greater problem today
in the 19th century,                surpassed France as the leading commercial superpower in the Middle East
by the end of the 19th century, most of Middle East                  was with Europe
high amount of                flowing from Europe to the Middle East
Ottoman Empire created large debts to European countries and           
these connects to Europe were slower in          than in the Ottoman Empire and Egypt
The Middle East, its Origins, and the Modern Era
Napoleon in Egypt: The Beginning of the Middle Eastern Modern Age
The Popuation Mosaic of 19th Century Middle East
Middle East Economy in the 19th Century
19th Century Ottoman Empire Politics
The Ottoman Empire's Changing Balance of Power with Europe