Lectures Watched
Since January 1, 2014
Hundreds of free, self-paced university courses available:
my recommendations here
Peruse my collection of 275
influential people of the past.
View My Class Notes via:
Receive My Class Notes via E-Mail:


Contact Me via E-Mail:
edward [at] tanguay.info
Notes on video lecture:
Homer, the Heroic Code, and the Wastage of War
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
influencing, underworld, wastage, atheism, Zeus, bribed, fun, gods, Andromache, heroic, end, Hera, monotonous, rarely, intervene, battlefield, artificial, pathos, unnecessary, encounters, deaths, unreality, scales, Poseidon, work, psychological, love, comrade, running, frivolous, coital, folly, corpses, vignettes, earnest, genealogy
takes place as a series of individual                     , not has a continuous narrative
                     for some modern readers
two warriors engage, one is hit, his limbs collapse, darkness descends, and then we're on to the next engagement
only once do we get a sense of the sweep of the                       
when          holds up his golden scales to determine which side should prevail
the Trojan War comes across to us cumulatively
we see hundreds of                    of soldiers getting killed
yet it's as if we see a heap of                piling up as the poem continues
much seems                      to modern readers
Aeneas, before engaging in fight with Achilles, delivers a 50-line speech about his                   
but this doesn't diminish what is highly realistic
the gods take sides and influence the course of action
deeply and personally committed to the outcome
         hates Troy because the Trojan prince Paris denied her the prize in the divine beauty contest between her, Athena, and Aphrodite
he awarded it to Aphrodite who              him with the promise of the most beautiful woman in the world, Helen
Greek and Trojans all believe in the same         
the principle shrine in Troy is a sanctuary of Athena
one might think that this would make the action less real
but the gods don't constantly                   
many of their interventions are irrelevant or                       
Hector and Achilles are fighting
climactic episode in poem
Athena disguises herself as a                of Hector to deceive him in the belief that he can win against Achilles
a way of saying that Hector was not thinking realistically about the situation
has                            plausibility
Book 8: Zeus brings up his              to see who will prevail that day
but he's not actually                        the outcome of the battle
it doesn't indicate the Zeus is                the show
it is used to indicate that Achilles absence from the battle field is turning the tide
for some readers, the presence of the gods in the Iliad adds a layer of                   
there are moments when the gods appear to be pulling the strings
Hera comes onto Zeus and makes          to him hidden within a golden cloud on the summit of Mount Ida
Zeus goes into a post-             slumber and the battle goes in the favor the Greeks
but this is just Homer having a bit of       , and is expressing a sense of humor
when Homer invokes divine intervention, he              departs from a human psychology
one can assume that homer's audience, for the most part, believed in the gods
there's no evidence of                or agnosticism in Greek society until the second half of the 5th century BCE, nearly 200 years later
the gods intensify human drama
immortality is a                    state of being
if you live forever, nothing matters in the end, because there is no       
whereas if you're mortal, every moment is deadly               
in book 1
Hera and Zeus get into an argument
resolved in a moment
the argument mirrors the argument that Achilles and Agamemnon had just had
results in the              of hundreds of men
in Book 21
Apollo refuses to fight with                 
Apollo pro-Trojan
Poseidon pro-Greek
Apollo: "Oh, earth shaker, it would be plain            for me to fight you for the sake of mere mortals, they're like leaves: they flourish, grow warm with life, and then they fade away and die. So let's abandon this quarrel and leave them to fight their own battles." And so they stop. The frivolity of the gods' world emphasizes the direness of human conflict.
what Homer offers us in the Iliad and the Odyssey is a critique of the              code
heroic code: winning fame is what life is all about
the tragedy the unfolds in the course of the Iliad is because of the fact that the heroic code doesn't actually         
what we get is an emphasis upon the              and the wastage of war and the plight of the innocent victims
                    , Hector's wife
Priam, Hector's father
it turns into survival at any price, and prefers to accept degradation in order to survive
Achilles he can choose his destiny
1. have a long life and die unremembered
2. have a brief life and be remembered forever
he chooses the latter
when Odysseus meets him in the                     , it's clear that Achilles regrets his decision, "I'd rather be working for someone else", i.e. someone working as some with no social status whatsoever
the                of war is Homer's central message

Spelling Corrections:


Ideas and Concepts:

On the difference between gods and men, via this morning's Trojan War class: "Immortality is a frivolous state of being. If you live forever, nothing matters in the end, because there is no end, whereas if you're mortal, every moment is deadly earnest. We see this concept come to the forefront in Book 21 when Apollo refuses to fight with Poseidon. Apollo, pro-Trojan, says to Poseidon, pro-Greek:"Oh, Earth Shaker, it would be a folly for me to fight you for the sake of mere mortals. They are like leaves:they flourish, grow warm with life, and then they fade away and die. So let's abandon this quarrel and leave them to fight their own battles." And with that, these two deities simply drop their quarrel:the frivolity of the gods' world emphasizing the direness of human conflict."
On the incongruency of space program names via this morning's Trojan War class: "Why were the NASA missions to the Moon called the 'Apollo missions' when, in Greek mythology, Apollo is the God of the sun, while his twin sister Artemis is the goddess of the moon? There doesn't seem to be a very deep mythological reason for this. The Apollo name was decided in 1960 by a committee at the Lewis Research Center, where the largest parts of whole program were planned. Specifically the name was conceived by the director of the center, Dr. Abe Silverstein, in early 1960, because he thought the image of Apollo riding his chariot across the Sun was appropriate to the grand scale of the proposed program. Shortly before his death in 2001, when he was asked for the reason why he chose Apollo as the name in an interview with the New York Times he replied with 'No specific reason for it, it was just an attractive name."
Background of the Trojan War
Was the Trojan War a Historical Event?
How Was the Iliad Poem Born?
The Homeric Question and the Trojan War
The Structure of the Iliad
Homer, the Heroic Code, and the Wastage of War
The Warrior's Experience of War