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Notes on video lecture:
Was the Trojan War a Historical Event?
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
dies, deliberately, masonry, dozen, latest, wife, poems, German, incorrect, ditch, mindsets, romantic, Korfmann, vulnerable, Aegean, enthralled, others, politics, excavations, Finley, Mycenaean, divide, embedded, earliest, destroyed, memory, Hittites, Troy, burnt, antiquity, Greece, Hisarlik, businessman, disagreement, represents, Schliemann, destruction, eradicated, imploded
the Trojan War
if it was fought, was the first great encounter between East and West
the origin of the divide between us and the             
a divide which continues to play itself out today in the context of Middle Eastern                 
the Trojan War reminds us that the              has always been there
its roots are so ancient that they may never be                     
Homer tells us about the war as an                  reporter
he has 100 different ways to describe how a man         
invites us to enter into the                  of maniacal killers, heroes, cowards, common soldiers, officers and generals, husbands, wives, and parents, all those gathered up in the furious onslaught of war, all those whose lives are affected by it and all those whose lives are                    by it
Heinrich                      (1822-1890)
             businessman and a pioneer of field archaeology
an archaeological excavator of                 , now presumed to be the site of Troy
promoted the belief that the Iliad was based on history
literally put Troy on the map
an incurable                 
a hard-headed                       
made his fortune in the USA
he had colossal energy and a phenomenal             
he knew at least a            languages including Arabic and Greek
it is said that he was given a history book at the age of seven and a picture of the capture of          deeply affected him
at the age of fourteen he heard Ancient Greek being declaimed and the sound of the language utterly                      him
he was also a first-rate fantasist, he couldn't stop making things up which includes his account of his                       
he became utterly obsessed by Homer's legends and determined to prove that the Trojan War actually happened
he lived the dream, he even divorced his first          to marry a Greek girl Sophia with whom he had two children who he named Agamemnon and Andromache
he used his fortune to finance archeological digs when archeology was in its infancy
he became, in effect, the father of the study of prehistoric             , the time before their were any written records
we are still in the grip of Schliemann's vision, someone who we know to have misinterpreted his data, and in the view of many scholars, did so                         
Hisarlik
modern name for Troy
four miles from              coast
it would have been closer to the coast in                   
but these settlements were not so close to the sea so they wouldn't be so                      to pirates
problems
1. which level of Troy                      the one belonging to the Trojan War?
there are nine levels
Troy 1
the                 , the one at the bottom
Troy 2
Schliemann thought the legendary Troy was this one
certainly                   
Troy 6-8
the most likely layer to be the legendary Troy
Troy 9
the latest, the one at the top
the is no resolution yet
Manfred                 
             archeologist to do major work at the Troy archeological site
excavated from 1988 to 2005, when he died
discovered more than 50                    cremations south of Troy with grave goods
might be evidence of the Greek camp
found evidence of a defensive            around Troy
similar to the one described by Homer
no strong physical evidence of the huge city described by Homer
but found Bronze Age pottery shards over 5 acres
in his view was a large city
shows evidence that Troy 6 came to an end due to                        caused by war
what he couldn't say is whether the destruction was caused by the Mycenaeans Greeks
if Troy was destroyed by the Mycenaeans, they didn't have long to bask in their victory
Mycenaeans culture                  a half century later around 1200 BC for unclear reasons
what was Troy like?
houses made of mud brick
circuit wall that enclosed the houses made of                was 4-5 meters thick
stone on the lower courses, mud brick on the upper
some scholars doubt the Trojan War
there is not conclusive evidence
there is good evidence that it was            but no evidence that it was burnt by the Greeks
Sir Moses             
Homer's war, the war of the           , and the war of the tradition, is a timeless event, floating in a timeless world
there is some evidence that there was contact between the                  were in contact with peoples who might have been the Greeks
whether the Trojan War happened will probably forever provoke                         

Vocabulary:

course, n. a continuous layer of building material, such as brick or tile, on a wall or roof of a building  "The circuit wall of Troy which enclosed the houses was built of masonry four to five meters thick and more than six meters high, the top part which was probably another three meters in height, was built of mud brick, that was the way the Ancients built circuit walls, stone at the lower courses, mud brick on the upper."

People:

Heinrich Schliemann (1822-1890)
German businessman, who, after making his fortune in America, became an archaeological excavator of Hisarlik, now presumed to be the site of Troy who promoted the belief that the Iliad was based on history
  • an incurable romantic and a hard-headed businessman
  • he had colossal energy and a phenomenal memory
  • he made his first fortune in Sacramento during the California Gold Rush and eventually acquired United States citizenship
  • he spoke and wrote in over a dozen languages, using them as in his career as a businessman in the importing trade
  • he claimed that it took him six weeks to learn a language and wrote his diary in the language of whatever country he happened to be in
  • by the end of his life, he could converse in English, French, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, Swedish, Polish, Italian, Greek, Latin, Russian, Arabic, and Turkish as well as German
  • but he was also a first-rate fantasist, he couldn't stop making things up which includes the accounts of his excavations
  • he became utterly obsessed by Homer's legends and determined to prove that the Trojan War actually happened
  • he lived the dream and even divorced his first wife to marry a Greek girl Sophia with whom he had two children whom he named Agamemnon and Andromache
  • he used his amassed fortune to finance archeological digs at a time when archeology was in its infancy
  • he became, in effect, the father of the study of prehistoric Greece
  • today, regarding our historical knowledge of the Trojan War, we are still in the grip of Schliemann's obsessive and fanatical vision, someone who who both made important discoveries as well as misinterpreted much his data, and in the view of many scholars, did so deliberately

Spelling Corrections:

fantacistfantasist
MyceneanMycenaean

Ideas and Concepts:

The Trojan War in perspective, via this morning's Greeks at War class: "The Trojan War, if it was ever fought, was the first great encounter between East and West, the origin of the divide between us and the others, a divide which continues to play itself out today in the context of Middle Eastern politics. The Trojan War reminds us that the divide has always been there, its roots so ancient that they may never be eradicated."
From the first-embedded-reporter department, via this morning's Greeks at War class: "Homer uses the story of the Iliad to tell us about war in all of its depth and breadth. He has one hundred different ways to describe how a man dies. He invites us to enter into the mindsets of maniacal killers, heroes, cowards, common soldiers, officers, generals, husbands, wives, and parents, all those gathered up in the furious onslaught of war, all those whose lives are affected by it, and all those whose lives are destroyed by it."
Background of the Trojan War
Was the Trojan War a Historical Event?
How Was the Iliad Poem Born?
The Homeric Question and the Trojan War
The Structure of the Iliad
Homer, the Heroic Code, and the Wastage of War
The Warrior's Experience of War