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Notes on video lecture:
Seven Types of Inaccurate News
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Francis, evidence, Cold, imposter, believe, parents, deceive, three, Clinton, biases, decisions , heuristics, buses, moral, contextual, scandal, skeptical, effective, consumer, wrong, sources, similar, judgment, fact, accurate, support, parody, hundred, why, click, acid, enact, want, potential, funny, cloud, harm, substantive, person
being able to produce a corpus of information that's                 
which expresses what's out there in a reasonable way
is important to allow citizens to render an                    decision
when people have information that they encounter which isn't accurate
the results can end up making                     that are sub-optimal
example
the fake news that Pope                endorsed Trump
because people are prone to using                     , who the Pope endorses is a good measure of who might be a            candidate
this may            people's view
correct news out of context can influence as well, e.g. FBI Director Comey's discovery of additional emails relating to the                campaign on the home computer of Andrew Weiner
this made people think that there might be an additional               
not much came up it, but it still had the potential to influence people in                        ways
propaganda
during the          War, the impressions of what was going on in Russia was more negative than it ostensibly is now
environment
an ideal or sub-optimal news                 
their views and how they vote can be based on something that's           
this leads to electing candidates that aren't necessarily those who will best            what people want
people say they are for a particular thing, when in fact, if they knew more about it they would be against it
these kinds of              can be pernicious to a democracy
seven types of inaccurate news
1. satire or             
no intention to cause harm but has the                    to fool
point is to highlight ridiculousness
to hold people accountable
to pass                 
intention is to be funny
e.g. The Onion
often outrageous
intention is not to deceive but to be           
2. fake connection
when headlines, visuals or captions don't                the content
also called           -bait
purpose is to get people to click on the headline in order to get visitors to the site
examples
"top ten reasons for this or that"
"you won't                what happens next"
3. misleading content
misleading use of information to frame an issue or individual
uses information to frame a particular issue or             
example
Trump portrays Clinton saying that she          washed e-mails
the Clinton team actually used a software called Bleach Bit
but acid washed sounds more severe
Pence claimed FBI found 15,000 more emails detailing national security
actually they found 14,900 e-mails but only            contained classified information
so statements are misleading and don't provide the full context of what is happening
use         -checking services
factcheck.org
politifact.com
provide more nuance and context to a given quote
4. fake context
when genuine content is shared with false                      information
we see a picture or quote by a politician but that is taken out of context
examples
a picture of dozens of            in Austin, Texas
in the vicinity of an anti-Trump protest
it was written that these people were paid to come protest the Trump rally
actually these were just typical coach buses which had nothing to do with protesting Trump rallies
5.                  content
when genuine sources are impersonated
examples
impersonating ABC News
logos are                but different
URLs are similar but different
if people think they are getting news from ABC News, they are more likely to believe it
6. manipulated content
when genuine information or imagery is manipulated to               
purpose is to distort the truth
example
image of Donald Trump and his               
photoshopped to make it look like parents were wearing robes of the Ku Klux Klan
very easy to change pictures like this
7. fabricated content
new content that is 100% false, designed to deceive and do         
fake news
completely made up information
examples
Pope Francis endorsed Donald Trump for President
shared several                thousand times
Obama banning the Pledge of Allegiance
reason is that there is money to be made
people may be doing this
tips to identify these
be                   
do research if it is real or not
read more than the headline
think about who created the story and       
consider what's missing
is there another side to this story
who would this article need to talk to in order to get the other side of the story
see if other news                are covering the same story
be aware of biases
why am I believing this news
because I          it to be true
because I have                  that it is true

Ideas and Concepts:

Common sense for Americans, via this morning's Fake News, Facts, and Alternative Facts class:

"The ability for a society to be to produce a corpus of information that's accurate, which expresses what's out there in a reasonable way, is important to enable its citizens to render an effective decisions.

When people have information that they encounter which isn't accurate, the results can end up making decisions that are sub-optimal."
How We Know Things
Democratic News Consumption: The Ideal and the Reality
The Definition of Propaganda and Fake News
Seven Types of Inaccurate News
How News Has Changed
Accuracy in the Digital Era