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Notes on video lecture:
Outcome of the Assyrian Conquest
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
Gaza, indirect, prosperity, peripheral, 587, Israel, Achaemenid, Pileser, Samerina, Babylonians, auspices, Samaria, human, Moab, legends, outlet, agreements, Shalmaneser, inhabitants, Nineveh, Tiglath, Selucid, political, kingdoms, Judah, Levant, geopolitical, 8th, direct, centuries, remote, Edom, trauma, wine, more
the outcome of the Assyrian conquest of the             
second half of the        century BCE
first half of the 7th century BCE
the essential background of the understanding of the history of Judah when it was conquered by the                       
Tiglath-               III (ruled 745-727 BCE)
king of Assyria
founded the Neo-Assyrian Empire
introduced advanced civil, military, and                    systems
set the foundations for the Assyrian administrative organization
shaped the                          situation for most of the area
annihilation of territorial                 
abolished the national distinctions
no independent political entity developed in the Assyrian territories in the next few                   
foundation of Assyrian provinces
departed a large part of the population which he conquered
replaced them with exiles from              regions
no military threat to the Egyptian, Babylonian, or Assyrian, Persian and later the                empire (312-63 BCE)
the Assyrian Empire extended its rule over all of the Levant
was only a small part of this area
provinces to the north above                  (Israel)
Sargon II
722 BCE
completed the defeat of the Kingdom of             
capturing the area after a siege of three years and exiling the                       
became the basis of the                of the Lost Ten Tribes
720 BCE
annexed the rest of the territory to Assyria
established a third area called               
consisted mainly of the Samarian Hills, the heart of the former kingdom of Isarel
Ekron, Ashkelon and         
enjoyed the                  of the Assyrian Empire due to
strategic location, gateway to Egypt
economic viability: maritime trade adn agricultural commodities
an important port
olive oil
growth under 7th century BCE
served as              port from Arabian trade
Sargon II focused on this city
remained loyal Assyrian vassal kingdom
maintained their alliance to Assyria
frontier against nomadic tribes
distinctive raw materials
encouraged production
Assyria provided protection
important junction of Assyrian commerce
great prosperity
extensive cultural prosperity
not too clear but probably enjoyed prosperity like Ammon and Moab
Judah was a small                      mountain kingdom
intense              in 701 BCE by the Sennacherib campaign
weakened military strength and            resources
although enjoyed economic                      within the Assyrian commercial system in the 7th century BCE
much          important
military and economic aspects
Assyrians spent much more effort here
hill country
less important
two kinds of political rule
             rule over provinces by governors and officials
                 rule over vassal kingdoms
complex system of                      and inspectors
varied by interests of each kingdom
rules of this era
Tiglath-Pileser III (745-727 BCE)
Assyrian King
Sargon II (722-705)
Assyrian King
was a son of               -Pileser III and appears to have seized the throne from his brother,                        V in a violent coup
Sennacherib (ruled 705-681) king of Assyria
followed Sargon II
military campaigns against Babylon and           
building programs, notably at his capital               
Nebuchadnezzar II (634–562 BCE)
Neo-Babylonian King
construction of the Hanging (Gardens( of Babylon
destruction of Jerusalem's temple in        BCE
Cyrus the Great (576–530 BCE)
founder of the                      Empire
Geopolitical Background of Ancient Jerusalem
Outcome of the Assyrian Conquest