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Notes on video lecture:
The Nature of Human Language
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
13, Tomasello, 1957, recognize, discontinuity, Chomsky, stroke, native, die, sign, aphasia, continuity, mentally, wrong, spoken, society, think, fossil, linguistic, rare, deaf, parents, group, normally, distinguishing, wolf
language is one of the most important                              characteristics of human beings
we used language to
show who we are
which            of human beings we belong to or want to belong to
hard to imagine any part of human                where language is not used
languages which we may call languages but are not languages in the                      sense
programming languages
the language of music
important for human language
learn the language as infants
one can speak about everything in the language
recognized by a group of human beings who                    it as theirs
considered languages by linguistics
not every gesture is meaningful
basically the same as spoken languages with the difference that they don't use voice
there are many sign languages
hundreds of them
have the same functionality as              language
have native speakers
groups consider them to be their language
few people do not speak languages
children growing up without               
where parents didn't want to speak to them
e.g.          children with hearing parents where the hearing parents were ashamed of having deaf children
physical and psychological abuse
born          in Arcadia, Los Angeles
father was                  unstable, barked at her like a dog
mother was not allowed to say anything to her
she never learned a human language
at age      she was discovered
her brain was not able to learn a language                 
fortunately these are very          cases
people who lose their language
e.g. after a             
may just be the ability to pronounce
or to understand
or to make grammatical sentences
19th century research
after aphasic patient would       , brain would be studied
evolutionary origin of language
all human beings have language
there must be something exceptionally            for a human to not develop language
no              evidence
it is abstract
spoken language has no record in the past
                     based theories
human language is based on animal communication, just a more complex form
                  , Pinker
                           based theories
human language is different in kind
The Nature of Human Language