My name is Edward Tanguay.
I have a Bachelors degree in Philosophy, a Masters in Education, and am currently working as a web developer in Berlin, Germany.

I watch over 200 college-level MOOC lectures per year in subjects such as history , psychology, science, religion, art, philosophy, and IT development in English, German, French, Spanish and Italian, and record my notes here.
Hundreds of free, self-paced university courses available:
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Peruse my collection of 275
influential people of the past.
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Contact Me via E-Mail:
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Learning Activity by Month:

The primary goal of this Learn Tracker project is to build a web site which serves as one place to record the notes of everything that I am learning from MOOC classes, to foreign languages, to useful code examples and technical how-to notes, so that I not only have an overview of what I have learned, but can search and recall these notes at any time.

The secondary goal of this Learn Tracker project is to work together with companies, universities, and MOOC providers to build software that allows employees, students, and learners to record what they are learning in an efficient way so that it serves not only as (1) a record of what they have learned, but also (2) a place for them to review and search what they have learned.

Since January 2013, I have watched and recorded notes on over 300 MOOC lectures from over 30 different courses in both English and French, and have watched and recorded notes and flashcards on over 50 foreign language videos in Italian, French and Spanish. (I am curently still adding notes I took from 2013 and plan to be caught up by the end of January 2014.

November 2014 Learn Certificate
Watched and took notes on 19 college lectures:
Learned 2 vocabulary words:
Learned about 10 people:
Corrected 19 misspelling:
psysiologically, unchangable, priveleged, beseiged, beseiges, psychodelic, relagated, ellusive, meterorite, astroid, beseiged, wholistically, disolute, ancesteral, auxilierary, physists, anomolies, Versaille, monarchial
Recorded 136 Flashcards from MOOC lectures:
  • At either side of the photograph (SPANISH)
  • At the top right (SPANISH)
  • Before leaving (SPANISH)
  • But if we analyze them (SPANISH)
  • Consider: (SPANISH)
  • Consider: (SPANISH)
  • First of all (SPANISH)
  • From a historical point of view (SPANISH)
  • Hence (SPANISH)
  • I must say that (SPANISH)
  • I remind you that (SPANISH)
  • In addition (SPANISH)
  • In any discourse (SPANISH)
  • In this way (SPANISH)
  • It is no coincidence (SPANISH)
  • It is not strictly necessary. (SPANISH)
  • It's important that you bear in mind that (SPANISH)
  • Moreover, if we take a closer look (SPANISH)
  • Notice that: (SPANISH)
  • Occasionally (SPANISH)
  • On the one hand (SPANISH)
  • On top of the mountain (SPANISH)
  • Pitri was able to document a series (SPANISH)
  • That which is underlined (SPANISH)
  • The ceramic containers in which the faithful brought their offerings (SPANISH)
  • The fact that (SPANISH)
  • The fact that (SPANISH)
  • The lower drawing reproduces (SPANISH)
  • The most important remnant (SPANISH)
  • The same motif appears sculpted (SPANISH)
  • This is due to the fact that (SPANISH)
  • This is due to the fact that while (SPANISH)
  • This means that (SPANISH)
  • This would be in absolute terms (SPANISH)
  • Thus (SPANISH)
  • Today we focus on studying the sentence (SPANISH)
  • Unlike what happens with (SPANISH)
  • Well then. (SPANISH)
  • What is important to stress (SPANISH)
  • What really matters is that (SPANISH)
  • What we know of Nagada (SPANISH)
  • When they were discovered (SPANISH)
  • You lost your wallet (SPANISH)
  • a bird and a throne (SPANISH)
  • a deal (SPANISH)
  • a dual-chamber tomb (SPANISH)
  • a jar (SPANISH)
  • a knife handle (SPANISH)
  • a marked path (SPANISH)
  • a sky in which a star is hanging (SPANISH)
  • a sort of epithet (SPANISH)
  • a wish or a command (SPANISH)
  • above all (SPANISH)
  • an allusion to the king as a force of nature (SPANISH)
  • an arial view (SPANISH)
  • and accompanied the dead on the country roads (SPANISH)
  • and from top to bottom (SPANISH)
  • and very early in the (SPANISH)
  • are happening one after another (SPANISH)
  • arranged in inverse orientation (SPANISH)
  • as we have had occasion to verify (SPANISH)
  • as well as (SPANISH)
  • at one point (SPANISH)
  • at the top of the hill (SPANISH)
  • becomes more regular in form (SPANISH)
  • bone or ivory (SPANISH)
  • both banks of the Nile (SPANISH)
  • but ceases to be (SPANISH)
  • but rather (SPANISH)
  • but we recognize it (SPANISH)
  • by a chain of low hills (SPANISH)
  • closely linked to the funerary offerings deposited in the grave (SPANISH)
  • collected (SPANISH)
  • comes from afar (SPANISH)
  • complete sense in itself (SPANISH)
  • compound phrase (SPANISH)
  • cores (SPANISH)
  • dotted line (SPANISH)
  • enlarged (SPANISH)
  • entrance to the West (SPANISH)
  • established (SPANISH)
  • figures (SPANISH)
  • has also been interpreted as (SPANISH)
  • has been working hard (SPANISH)
  • in the hereafter (SPANISH)
  • in this sharp line (SPANISH)
  • is also due to (SPANISH)
  • is due to the excavations (SPANISH)
  • is outside the dotted line (SPANISH)
  • it was necessary to find specific (SPANISH)
  • it will be after the pharaohs (SPANISH)
  • just opposite the Uhadi (SPANISH)
  • leading to the West (SPANISH)
  • led from the Temple (SPANISH)
  • lies in the fact that (SPANISH)
  • lower left corner (SPANISH)
  • may be due to historical changes (SPANISH)
  • metonymy, planting trees or scorpion (SPANISH)
  • much later (SPANISH)
  • must have a symbolic function (SPANISH)
  • on its surface is engraved with a hunting scene (SPANISH)
  • one again (SPANISH)
  • one who accompanies the dead (SPANISH)
  • phenetic reinforcement (SPANISH)
  • powerfully (SPANISH)
  • returning to the map (SPANISH)
  • rubble (SPANISH)
  • showed tombs larger in size than (SPANISH)
  • since it is like a piece of the puzzle (SPANISH)
  • since it measures 24 by 50 meters (SPANISH)
  • smaller size (SPANISH)
  • subsequent (SPANISH)
  • that piece of discourse (SPANISH)
  • the bird is facing to the right (SPANISH)
  • the designation of property (SPANISH)
  • the ears (SPANISH)
  • the goddess (SPANISH)
  • the head (SPANISH)
  • the horns and the forehead (SPANISH)
  • the location (SPANISH)
  • the three early kingdoms (SPANISH)
  • these rules (SPANISH)
  • three rows of three (SPANISH)
  • to document these early stages of Egyptian writing (SPANISH)
  • top to bottom (SPANISH)
  • two slides earlier (SPANISH)
  • under the same kingship (SPANISH)
  • undertake (SPANISH)
  • we can identify it (SPANISH)
  • we have a number of criteria that (SPANISH)
  • we should know that (SPANISH)
  • wet clay (SPANISH)
  • whether it be (SPANISH)
  • which remains further north (SPANISH)
  • with stars (SPANISH)
  • without any doubt (SPANISH)
Saturday, November 1, 2014
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
EGIPTOLOGÍA, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
el reino más meridional es el de Hierakompolis
el reino que queda en el centro es el de Nagada
el yacimiento de Nagada es el que conocemos peor
lo que conocemos de Nagada, se debe a las excavaciones que allí condujo a finales del Siglo XIX Flinder Pitri
él pudo documentar... view all notes
Jasejemuy (2709-2682 BC)
Fue el último faraón de la dinastía II en Egipto
  • es considerado el reunificador de las Dos Tierras (Egipto) bajo su mando, dividida después del reinado de Peribsen
  • Jasejemuy trasladó la capital a Hieracómpolis, en la zona sur del país, y fue la primera y última vez que Egipto era gobernado desde esa ciudad
  • se le conoce en Inglés como Khasekhemwy
Narmer (3160-3100 BC)
Fue el primer faraón del Antiguo Egipto y fundador de la Dinastía I ca. 3150 a. C.
  • aunque su identidad es debatida, los egiptólogos coinciden en identificarlo también como el faraón Menes
Monday, November 3, 2014
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
mind/body dualism in the West
very old tradition going back to people like Plato
seen as fundamentally in opposition
the rational faculties, the mind, trying to control the body
Plato's chariot allegory... view all notes
Tuesday, November 4, 2014
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
civilization is a relatively new development for human beings
for most of evolutionary history, and that of our line of primates, we live in small-scale societies
usually groups of no more than 150
most of them relatives or at least others known to us
you could generally keep track of others within the group... view all notes
tamp, v. to drive in or pack down by frequent gentle strokes  "So cold cognition says, ok, I'll stop doing that, and I tamp down my hot cognition and act in a different way guided by conscious incentives taat have been set up by the institutional structure around me."
deontology, n. the normative ethical position that judges the morality of an action based on the action's adherence to a rule or rules  "Kant's theory is an example of a deontological or duty-based ethics: it judges morality by examining the nature of actions and the will of agents rather than goals achieved. Kant's position can be contrasted with that of John Stuart Mill's utilitarianism, in which, as an ethical being, you are a "rational calculator of payoffs"."
Wednesday, November 5, 2014
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, The University of Melbourne
two early events of the Revolution encouraged and raised hopes of rural France that their condition might change
1. the drawing up of the Cahiers de doléances
2. elections of the Estates-General
the first meeting since 1614 of the French Estates-General, a general assembly representing the French estates of the realm: the clergy (First Estate), the nobles (Second Estate), and the common people (Third Estate)
state of rural France before Revolution... view all notes
Thursday, November 6, 2014
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
even though the president is often thought of as the head of the nation, the president doesn't come first in the Constitution
it is congress that is described in Article I
it's probably an over-simplification to call the president the leader
each branch is supposed to lead in some ways or circumstances
what is congress... view all notes
Friday, November 7, 2014
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
the Arameans played a more prominent role than the Assyrians for most of the 9th century BC
this situation slowly changed
Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III
thought to display the earliest ancient depiction of a Biblical figure - Jehu King of Israel
803 BC: Assyrian king laid siege to Damascus... view all notes
Jehoash of Judah (860-800 BC)
King of Judah, first Judahite king to be descended from both the House of David and the House of Omri
  • the sole surviving son of Ahaziah after the massacre of the royal family ordered by his grandmother, Athaliah
Jehoash of Israel (840-782 BC)
King of the ancient Kingdom of Israel
  • according to the second book of Kings, Jehoash was sinful and did evil in the eyes of Yahweh for tolerating the worship of the golden calves
Jeroboam II (786-746 BC)
Son and successor of Jehoash of Israel, 14th King of Israel
  • his reign was contemporary with Amaziah and Uzziah, kings of Judah.
Tiglath-Pileser III (745-727 BC)
King of Assyria who introduced advanced civil, military, and political systems into the Neo-Assyrian Empire
  • seized the Assyrian throne during a civil war and killed the royal family
  • made sweeping changes to the Assyrian government, considerably improving its efficiency and security
  • subjugated much of the known world at the time
  • discouraged revolts against Assyrian rule with the use of forced deportations of thousands of people all over the empire
Saturday, November 8, 2014
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
HISTORY OF ROCK, 1970-PRESENT, University of Rochester
the 60s and 70s
many music historians make a break at 1969 with Woodstock and Altamont
the end of psychedelic era with something new happening in the 70s
but in many ways the late sixties and the 70s can be seen as a continuous piece music history
overview of the 1970s... view all notes
Tuesday, November 11, 2014
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
EGIPTOLOGÍA, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
la transición de Nagada II a Nagada III
3500 BC - 3000 BC
la situación política y cultural del Alto Egipto se transforma profundamente
existían tres grandes núcleos urbanos de la región y el acompolis Nagada y Abidos
Abidos convertido ya muy probablemente desde principios de Nagada III en la capital de un nuevo reino predinástico unificado del Alto Egipto... view all notes
Wednesday, November 12, 2014
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
Article II
creates the executive branch
while Article I spells out what kind of laws Congress can make, Article II doesn't do this for the president
it gives the president different roles and powers
enforce the laws... view all notes
Robert Jackson (1892-1954)
United States Solicitor General (1938-1940), United States Attorney General (1940–1941) and an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
  • Jackson's concurring opinion in 1952's Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer, forbidding President Harry Truman's seizure of steel mills during the Korean War to avert a strike, where Jackson formulated a three-tier test for evaluating claims of presidential power, remains one of the most widely cited opinions in Supreme Court history
  • chief United States prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials
  • "any lawyer worth his salt will tell the suspect in no uncertain terms to make no statement to the police under any circumstances"
Thursday, November 13, 2014
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
la oración
ese pedacito de discurso
como una pieza del rompecabezas que es nuestro texto completo
la unidad más pequeña de sentido completo en sí misma en que se divide el habla real
en un discurso cualquiera, las oraciones se van sucediendo una tras otra... view all notes
Friday, November 14, 2014
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
music from 1500 BC to 1300 AD
understanding the developments of this period is critical in understanding the development of music
the era not only covers music of:
Babylonians, Ancient Greece to the Renaissance
also covers the development of our musical notation... view all notes
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
wu wei [OO-way]
an important concept in Taoism that means "without effort" or "without control" or "effortless action", the way beings in harmony with the Tao behave,
in a completely natural, uncontrived way, which is the goal of spiritual practice for the human being
the attainment of a purely natural way of behaving, as when the planets revolve around the sun
engaging in effortless and spontaneous movement... view all notes
Sunday, November 16, 2014
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
the largest meteorite slice in the world
550 kilo slab
found in 1963 in northern Greenland
found by Vagn Buchwald
wrote a 2,500 page book describing every iron meteorite known on the planet... view all notes
Monday, November 17, 2014
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
Assyria has now conquered Samaria
reduced the Kingdom of Israel to a small, petty kingdom
within a couple decades, they would do the same to Israel's southern neighbor, the Kingdom of Judah
the Syro-Ephraimite War
took place in the 8th century BC... view all notes
Hezekiah (740-687 BC)
13th king of Judah who witnessed the destruction of the northern Kingdom of Israel by Sargon's Assyrians in c. 720 BC and was king of Judah during the invasion and siege of Jerusalem by Sennacherib in 701 BC
  • son of Ahaz and one of the most prominent kings of Judah mentioned in the Hebrew Bible
  • enacted sweeping religious reforms, including a strict mandate for the sole worship of Yahweh and a prohibition on venerating other deities within the Temple in Jerusalem
  • Isaiah and Micah prophesied during his reign
Thursday, November 20, 2014
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
Shang Dynasty (1554-1045 BC)
first clearly archeologically attested dynasty
with Shang Dynasty the historical record matching up with the archeological evidence
alternate name is the Yin Dynasty
the first source of significant written records... view all notes
Tang of Shang (1675-1646 BC)
The first king of the Shang dynasty in Chinese history, overthrew Jie, the last ruler of the Xia dynasty
  • Tang had ruled Shang, one of the many kingdoms under the suzerainty of the Xia dynasty, for 17 years
  • during Jie's reign, Shang grew in power and was able to win many supporters from as many as 40 smaller kingdoms
  • he recognized that Jie mistreated his people and used this to convince others
  • Tang's reign was regarded as a good one by the Chinese, he lowered taxes and the conscription rate of soldiers, his influence spread to the Yellow River, and many outlying tribes, such as Di and Qiang, became vassal states, he also established Anyang as the new capital of China
Friday, November 21, 2014
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
PHILOSOPHY AND THE SCIENCES, University of Edinburgh
before Karl Popper developed falsification as a possible method of science
Pierre Duhem (1861-1916)
"No scientific hypothesis can ever be tested in isolation, but only in conjunction with other main hypotheses and auxiliary hypotheses"
we don't test Newton's law of gravity by itself
Pierre Duhem (1861-1916)
French physicist, mathematician, historian and philosopher of science best known for his writings on the indeterminacy of experimental criteria and on scientific development in the Middle Ages
  • he argued for holism in scientific experimentation in physics, namely that an experiment in physics is not simply an observation, but rather an interpretation of observations by means of a theoretical framework, no matter how well one constructs one's experiment, it is impossible to subject an isolated single hypothesis to an experimental test, instead, it is a whole interlocking group of hypotheses, background assumptions, and theories that is tested
  • also made major contributions to the science of his day, particularly in the fields of hydrodynamics, elasticity, and thermodynamics
Saturday, November 22, 2014
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
nuclear synthesis models come from three separate lines of evidence
1. composition of our solar system
the elemental abundances we have in the solar system
the most important of the three type of evidence
the atomic structure of atoms... view all notes
Monday, November 24, 2014
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
Article III of the Constitution gives us the courts
actually it only gives us the Supreme Court
that there are lower federal courts at all depends on Congress
Supreme Court
decides cases, but not just any case... view all notes
Watched and took notes on MOOC lecture:
THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, The University of Melbourne
the National Assembly
composed of the representatives of the three states called together by Louis XVI in May 1789
it becomes transformed by the victory of the revolution into the National Assembly
July 1789
after storming of the Bastille... view all notes
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