More notes at http://tanguay.info/learntracker
C O U R S E 
Western Civilization: Ancient and Medieval Europe
Ian Moulton, Arizona State University
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
The Egyptian Empire at its Greatest Extent
Notes taken on June 6, 2016 by Edward Tanguay
New Kingdom Period
15th century BCE
the largest extent of Egyptian rule
occupies the whole of the Nile Valley to the sixth cataracts
cataracts are little waterfalls on the Nile that make trade by boat particularly challenging
all the way up through the Middle East into v
mainly for commercial reasons
there are certain things grown in this part of the world that Egyptians cannot produce themselves
stretched as far south as Punt and Nubia
produce wheat and barley in surplus
can sell it
makes them self-sufficient for food
they have to buy wood from other places
mainly from Lebanon
cedar trees
they also need resin for burial processes
trade routes
the Levant
related to the word for the rising sun, e.g. levitate
the Via Regia, or "King's Highway"
Roman trade route
starts in Memphis, goes across the Sinai Peninsula, up the eastern bank of the Jordan River
land route which Egypt and the kingdom's of Mesopotamia
donkey and camel
not horses or cattle
sturdy beasts that can carry loads
the Via Maris, "Sea Road"
begins in Memphis
along the coast through Gaza, to Tyre
goes overland to Damascus in Syria
connected with Arabia
indirect connections to India
Egyptian boats
Funerary model of Egyptian boat
from a tomb
a Nile boat
used for long periods
not particularly skilled at sea travel
boat travel for the Egyptians was mostly up and down the Nile
was a luxury import
the wealthy enjoyed drinking wine
beer could be produced
wine could not be produced in Egypt
imported from Greece
referred to it as the "Beer from the Mountains"
Laborers Carrying Wine in Amphorae
art: Hatshepsut's Expedition to the Land of Punt
Punt was an area to the south of Egypt in the horn of Africa
modern day Ethiopia and Yemen
no one is sure of the extent of the land of Punt
Hatshepsut sent a large trading delegation there
traded to get gold, resin, ebony and wild animals
was a connection with India