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C O U R S E 
The Rooseveltian Century
Giles Scott-Smith, Universiteit Leiden
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
Theodore Roosevelt on National Security
Notes taken on April 11, 2016 by Edward Tanguay
at the end of the 19th century, the territorial expansion of the United States across the continent came to an end
new existential threats could now only come from abroad
Theodore Roosevelt knew this and sought to promote an international police power
to prevent other nations' chronic wrongdoing
The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
"Chronic wrongdoing, or an impotence which results in a general loosening of the ties of civilized society, may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrongdoing or impotence, to the exercise of an international police power."
his goal was to secure the Western hemisphere from two international threats
1. a possible Japanese expansion
2. European colonialism
1898 Cuban War against Spain
Roosevelt fought with his own battalion, "The Rough Riders"
1882 book, "The Naval War of 1812"
an efficient navy is a precondition to keeping the nation safe
1915: "Preparedness against war must be based upon efficiency and justice in the handling of ourselves in time of peace."
Panama Canal
France began work on the canal in 1881 but stopped due to engineering problems and a high worker mortality rate
the United States took over the project in 1904, and opened the canal on August 15, 1914
in 1999 the canal was taken over by the Panamanian government
understood the the great powers were inclined to compete with each other
essential to find way to resolve controversies in a peaceful way
promoted the cause of international law and arbitration
directly intervened between Russia and Japan to end their war in 1905
for this he won the Nobel Peace Prize, the first U.S. president to do so
sponsored the second peace conference in The Hague in 1908
searched for a more stable system of international peace making
during World War I, Roosevelt called for the United States to intervene
in order to defeat Germany
bring stability to Europe
maintained that the power of the United States was essential for maintaining world order
Theodore's view of security was based on three areas:
1. sea power
2. international intervention
3. conflict mediation