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C O U R S E 
A History of the World since 1300
Jeremy Adelman, Princeton University
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
18th China Resurgent as Qing Dynasty
Notes taken on August 3, 2014 by Edward Tanguay
as the Ming Dyansty ends, China does not follow the fate of India
India faced a slow corrosion to Mugal authority
the new Qing dynasty that was created in China in the wake of the Manchu invasions (1627, 1636)
China was in many respects the world's superpower at the time
the Ming dynasty fadedsuperpower
agrarian expansion
climate change
people fleeing
epidemics, social crisis
reversing the process of the southernization of the Chinese
by 1661, the population shrunk to 10 million
important continuities
the way the Manchus took over the Chinese first turned them inwards
brought remnants of old power into the new Qing system
tried to reestablish Han ethnic purity
return to classical studies away from teachings of late Ming
dress code
straight jackets
shaved foreheads
tried to expand west and south
ran up against Russia which was also expanding
Qing conquest of Turkestan
Choros Erdeniin Galdan (1644-1697)
victim of expansion of Qing
Qing had to extend supply lines into hinterland expeditions
most of them failed
but Qing was determined to expand
1691 finally they drove Galdan into his last hamlets
1697 became a chase into the Gobi desert
guerrilla wars was against villagers as they plowed through
Galdan's only hope for survival would be draw his troops very far into the interior
he eventually because too outnumbered by the Manchus
Galdan was surrounded and killed
his body was transported back to Beijing in a ceremonial parade
this showed the power of the Qing and Manchu heroism
Chinese writers were employed to write epics and theater pieces about this
dynasty showed pardons over his subjects
showed how he could bring justice to other peoples
Galdan's body was sliced up in public so that his physical presence on this earth could be eradicated
asked many leaders to come and watch as his bones were brought out one by one, each one crushed in public
so it was that by 1700 China rejoined the race to occupy the shrinking open spaces of the world
Mughal Empire (1526–1857)
extended over large parts of the Indian subcontinent, Akbar most famous ruler
did not stamp out the local societies it came to rule, but rather balanced and pacified them through new administrative practices