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C O U R S E 
The Kennedy Half Century
Larry J. Sabato, University of Virginia
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
1953-1960 Kennedy's Legislative Career
Notes taken on December 1, 2013 by Edward Tanguay
legislative career
made friends with other 69 veterans of WWII elected to congress in 1946
including young Republican legislator Richard Nixon from California
Nixon's career began to rocket, not Kennedy's
headed up investigation of the House about communist infiltration which led to the arrest of Alger Hiss
Alger Hiss (1904-1996)
American lawyer and government official
involved in the establishment of the United Nations
accused of being a Soviet spy in 1948
convicted of perjury in connection with this charge in 1950
served three years, maintained his innocence until his death
Nixon captured open senate seat in 1950 in California
in 1952 Dwight Eisenhower's running mate
while Nixon was skyrocketing to high office, Kennedy was just getting started in the House
1952 Kennedy challenged Henry Cabbot Lodge Jr.
1947-1953 Senator from Massachusetts
had been elected three times
was favored to win again in 1952
Cabbot spent too much time working for Eisenhower and too little time for himself
Kennedy's family very active in campaign
women held tea parties
Robert managed the campaign
father funded it
half million dollar loan to a Boston newspaper that flipped its backing from Lodge to Kennedy
Lodge's grandfather had defeated Kennedy's grandfather
Lodges were Protestant blue bloods
Kennedys represented the working class of Irish Catholics who deeply resented the Brahmins, the blue bloods
defeated Lodge by 70,000 votes, even while Eisenhower carried Massachusetts
1953-1960 Kennedy's senate years
marked by poor health
had several major back operations in first senate term
was often near death, priests even administered the last unction
1953 married to Jacqueline Bouvier
marriage attended by good friend Richard Nixon and wife
wrote "Profiles in Courage", 1957 Pulitzer Prize for biographies
coauthor Ted Sorensen, Kennedy's "intellectual blood bank"
used for foreign audiences
number one problem in foreign policy: to win the support of all the countries who aren't committed to our side of the Cold War: Africa, Middle East and Asia
have been held under colonial domination
desire to be free
we need to demonstrate our interest in them, our desire to help them lift themselves up, that they can win a better place in the world through democratic procedures rather than turning to the communists
how we do this within and within the UN is the great problem that we have