More notes at http://tanguay.info/learntracker
C O U R S E 
The Bible's Prehistory, Purpose, and Political Future
Dr. Jacob L. Wright, Emory University
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
Israel, Judah, and the Campaign of Shishak
Notes taken on September 25, 2014 by Edward Tanguay
during the early Iron Age
1200 BC - 1000 BC
kingdoms of Ephraim and Judah experiences the building of many new villages
the Tribe of Ephraim was one of the Tribes of Israel
very small, 15 inhabitants per place
no public community building or administration buildings
archeologists can't find defense systems or military fortifications
perhaps they didn't have enemies from beyond and were peaceful with their neighbors
end of the early Iron Age
1000 BC - 800 BC
the archeological record shows signs of significant changes
population grows
prosperity increases
olive oil
this process led to greater:
social stratification
political centralization
eventually monarchic states or kingdoms
Book of Kings describes this time
succession of Saul to David to Solomon
the splitting of the kingdom of Israel from Judah
the separation of Israel and Judah are reflected back on this time and probably do not reflect the powers that gave rise to this first kingdom
a wide array of kings who were jockeying for power
kingdom in north probably arose earlier than in south
Judah was poorer than the central kingdom of Ephraim which became the home to the kingdom of Israel
Judah had a 10th of the population of the north
Judah is a chiefdom, not a kingdom
a chiefdom is less complex from an administration perspective
took Judah longer to develop into what Ephraim was in the north
930 BC: Egyptian ruler Shishak makes a campaign up into the central hill country
left a monumental stella of his triumph
mentions the places that he conquered or who paid him tribute
no reference to Jerusalem
no military resistance from a place within Judah
according to the Bible, a key goal of this campaign was to seize the wealth that Solomon had amassed
reportedly seized it from Rehoboam, Solomon's son
some scholars try to harmonize the Biblical account with the Egyptian sources but its difficult