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C O U R S E 
The Changing Landscape of Ancient Rome
Paolo Carafa, Sapienza University of Rome
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
Introduction to Ancient Rome
Notes taken on June 11, 2017 by Edward Tanguay
1st century
the largest city in the Roman Empire
one million people
9th century BC
one part of settlement
one of the largest settlements in the Iron Age
subdivided into 27 smaller regions
Palatine Hill
Capitoline Hill
core of power
6th century BC
larger than the 9th century BC
more complicated
larger wall
main roads flowing into the urban area
no more small regions
four regions
1st century BC
had 14 regions
numbered in counter clockwise order
included area on the left bank of the Tiber
3rd century AD
end of Roman Empire
Barbarians were invading
city had to shrink
created a new wall cutting off much of the left side of the city west of the Tiber
in ancient times, being a city meant being blessed by the gods
you could have only one section blessed or inaugurated by the gods
the sacred area of the city was the Palantine Hill
the line that enclosed sacred area was called the pomerium
the pomerium was enlarged many times
today, we know where at least some ancient pomeriums were by the cippi that are still present
cippi, n. small, low pillars, square or round, commonly having an inscription, used by the ancients to indicate the distances of places or landmarks