More notes at http://tanguay.info/learntracker
C O U R S E 
Design: Creation of Artifacts in Society
Karl Ulrich, University of Pennsylvania
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
What is Design?
Notes taken on April 29, 2014 by Edward Tanguay
what are artifacts?
objects that were created by humans
as opposed to artifacts found in nature
e.g. a fossil of a fish is an object but not an artifact
in contrast, an ice cream scoop is an object and an artifact
clearly made by humans
the term artifact includes non-physical objects
business models
design is the creation of artifacts, and artifacts are anything that is made by humans can be a designed artifact
the Insalata Caprese, allegedly invented by someone on the island of Capri in the south of Italy
the Fine Arts Library at the University of Pennsylvania
a staircase in the Apple store in Tokyo
or a bit of scheme code, the the print out of the code, but the symbolic representation of the code
where do artifacts come from
the Zyliss ice cream scoop
the development of the ice cream scoop
someone uses a spoon to scoop out frozen ice cream
spoon bends (gap)
there is plan to solve the problem
plan is turned into an artifact
problem is solved
conceiving and giving form to artifacts that solve problems
typical of design is that artifacts create new gaps or problems
Scott Kim
creates inversions, logos that read the same right-side-up or up-side-down
is this design?
no: they are self-expression, they are more representative of art
however, if you are solving a problem such as a logo on a laptop that needs to be read upside-down as well as right-side up, then it is design
Design is conceiving and giving form to artifacts that solve problems.