More notes at http://tanguay.info/learntracker
C O U R S E 
The Bible's Prehistory, Purpose, and Political Future
Dr. Jacob L. Wright, Emory University
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
The Kingdom of Judah and Sennacherib
Notes taken on November 17, 2014 by Edward Tanguay
Assyria has now conquered Samaria
reduced the Kingdom of Israel to a small, petty kingdom
within a couple decades, they would do the same to Israel's southern neighbor, the Kingdom of Judah
the Syro-Ephraimite War
took place in the 8th century BC
Assyria was a great regional power
the smaller nations of Syria (Aram) and the northern Kingdom of Israel (Ephraim) formed a coalition against Assyria
King Pekah of Israel joined King Rezin of Aram-Damascus in an attempt to place a new ruler on the throne in Jerusalem
this was an anti-Assyrian coalition
the Biblical authors present a very Jerusalem-centered view of these events
the end of the rule of Tiglath Pileser III (727 BC) marks the beginning of Judah as an independent kingdom in its own right
King Ahaz rules from 731 to 716 BC
King Hezekiah (son of Ahaz)
13th king of Judah
reign 715 - 686 BC
one of the most prominent kings of Judah mentioned in the Hebrew Bible
an age of state centralization
a growing national pride in the Kingdom of Judah
cities gates became impressive
water supply was protected
reigns of Ahax and Hezekiah were a time of great internal development
Judah blooming with texts and signs of more widespread literacy
stamped jar handles attest to an infrastructure that controlled the transport of olive oil, wine, and other precious commodities
in many ways, Judah's prosperity was a result of Assyria's expansion
destroyed Judah's more powerful northern competitors
Assyria might have been using Judah economically as a source of olive oil production
however, after destroying Israel's olive oil production, Assyria also destroyed that of Judah
at first Judah pursued peace an demonstrated loyalty to the Assyrian empire
but eventually revolted
first with the help of Egypt
then after the death of Sargon II in 705, Judah made a renewed effort to rebel
but Sargon's son, Sennacherib, once becoming ruler, laid waste to Judah's richest region
destroyed its means of olive oil production
included the destruction of Lachish
horrifying reliefs in British Museum showing this
Assyrians besieged Lachish and deported its population
Sennacherib makes Hezekiah a prisoner in his own city, "like a bird in a cage"
the Biblical account fails to mention the great devastation at Lachish [lah-KEESH]
presents Jerusalem as being divinely rescued, Isiah plays a large role in that
after Sennacherib
Judah was reduced to a "rump state in the hill country"
ironically, the city of Jerusalem became densely populated throughout the 7th century
due to incursions from the north, from Israel
although some archeologists say this was more just a redistribution of population within Judah