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C O U R S E 
War for the Greater Middle East
Andrew Bacevich, Boston University
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
Carter's 1979 Warnings of Dependency on Middle East Oil
Notes taken on November 23, 2015 by Edward Tanguay
1979 Carter
if he was going to have any chance of reelection in 1980, he needed to demonstrate that he had a viable plan for remedying the economic woes
Carter didn't turn around the economy
critics blamed him for events abroad
November 1980 Reagan won
what Carter tried to do in 1979
Carter didn't believe that the oil crisis was the main problem
but only a symptom of the problem
the problem was a self-indulgence and consumption
human identity is no longer determined by what one does but what one owns
we've discovered that owning things and consuming things does not satisfy our longing for meaning
piling up material goods cannot fill up lives that have no confidence or purpose
he meant ordinary Americans
Carter's answer
we are at a turning point of our history
the path that leads to fragmentation and self-interest
down that road lies a mistaken idea of freedom
the right to grasp for ourself some advantage over others
the promises of our future point to another path
the path of common purpose and the restoration of value
we need a moral renewal
energy will be our test to unite this nation
on the battlefield of energy, we can win
outlined an energy strategy which reduced dependence on foreign oil
invest in the development of alternative energy
conserve and learn to get by with less
rekindle our sense of unity
Americans would have to tighten their belts but they would become a better people
but it didn't sell well
Americans wanted more, not less
sacrifice is something for others to do
they don't like to be blamed for the country's ills
the most effective response came from Reagan
we must decide that less is not enough
Americans will never settle for less
having more was itself a virtue
Americans have no need for tutoring in the definition of freedom
in retrospect, Jimmy Carter's warnings had prophetic meaning on the next 35 years in our dealings with the Middle East