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C O U R S E 
A History of the World since 1300
Jeremy Adelman, Princeton University
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
Cook and Clive: Discoverers, Collectors and Conquerors of the Enlightenment
Notes taken on August 27, 2014 by Edward Tanguay
the 18th century brought about a blurring of the relationships between collecting and conquest
Robert Clive
as Captain Cook was an icon of discovery, Robert Clive was an icon of discovery in its relationship with conquest, particularly in Bengal
rose up through the ranks of the East-India Company
Battle of Plassey (1757)
decisive victory of the British East India Company over the Nawab of Bengal and his French allies
ushered in the process of the slow by inexorable conquest of Bengal
began the process of territorial acquisition
in the early modern era, the use of large scale fighting forces wasn't just something that was monopolized by the state
the state could franchise this type of operation out to joint-stock companies
Clive became the governor of Bengal
the blurring of the line of state and private companies
a company man becoming the governor of a private colony, i.e. a possession acquired by the East India Company
Bengal, the richest state in India, is not a possession of a European company
motives in the pattern of conquest of regimes and the defeat of Mughal empires
new relationships with local aristocrats
relationships involved gift-giving
Clive accumulated these "gifts"
refashioned himself as a great aristocrat
Clive and Cook
belonged to a group of people who, in the 18th century, repositioned themselves in the Old World by venturing out into the New World
collectors of information and artifacts and products from the world
expanded commerce and contacts
produced books
supported science
initiated discoverbooks
helped create a world of intellectual ferment that we call The Enlightenment
The Enlightenment
an attempt to understand the world without reducing its meaning to divine inspiration
fathom and figure out the natural and objective laws of the universe
see the world as a totality which is subject to the same rules no matter where you are
the belief that we can systematize our knowledge into books and circulate them
the goal was not just to develop ideas about the world, but to spread them
Enlightenment, "to cast light", i.e. to spread objective knowledge of the natural world into the dark areas where there had hitherto been little objective knowledge of the world