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C O U R S E 
Roman Architecture
Diana Kleiner, Yale University
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
Bathing, Entertainment, and Housing in Roman Cities
Notes taken on February 3, 2014 by Edward Tanguay
every Roman city had its bath buildings
houses did not have running water, so bath buildings were extremely important, obviously
most cities had at least one, ancient Pompei seems to have had three
these bath buildings responded to both a practical and social need
bath houses were also interesting for their architectural experiments
baths buildings had multiple spaces in them
men and women's section separate and the men had the better rooms: bigger and more ornate
holes in ceiling to create light effects
baths of Carcalla
very huge, now only remains
baths of Diocletian
was still used in modern times
reuse over the centuries is the reason many buildings survived
part of it was transformed into a church
transformed the frigidarium
decorated at one point in part by Michelangelo
vaults used to lift the ceilings
Théâtre antique d'Orange
in Orange, France
Greeks always built theaters on hillsides to support the seating area
true in Orange as well
but Romans built theaters anywhere using concrete to build the seating area
no Roman city was without its theater for gladiatorial and animal combat
animals kept down below
many buildings in Rome were used from the stone from the Colosseum
connecting all Roman cities were streets
sidewalks have drains
rut marks for wheels of carts
Pompeii and Herculaneum
ovens and bakery ovens
wine sops
thermopolium: ancient restaurants with ready-to-eat food
Roman house
House of the Vedii, in Pompeii
well preserved
marble furniture
often depict buildings
we see experimentation in painting before we see it in architecture
port of Rome
second century Roman city
concrete face with brick
commercial city, congested, not as wealthy
not single story house but apartment houses with multiple stories
Hadrian's villa at Tivoli
a microcosm of the Empire of that time
Roman, Egyptian and Greek statues