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C O U R S E 
A History of the World since 1300
Jeremy Adelman, Princeton University
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
1500-1700 Indian Ocean Trading system
Notes taken on September 30, 2013 by Edward Tanguay
triangular system of the Atlantic world
Africa, Europe and the Americas
new models of colonies which augment this circulation
exploitation of labor and natural resources
this also began to change the relation between Europe and the rest of Eurasia
a fortification with command over one of the great harbors of the new age
Chinese and Portuguese traders meet
majority population of Javanese and minority of Dutch rulers constructed a Baroque city in south-each Asia
an American-style colony: to extract staples as commodities for other people's consumption
Banda Islands
volcanic, rich soils
forest cut down to produce furniture and ships for Europeans to be exported back to Europe
in place of forests, plantations were set up: nutmeg, mace, commercially produced spice
native population, like that of the Caribbean, was almost completely wiped out
Dutch recruited slaves from rest of Southeast Asia to work
a booming Pacific slave trade to sustain this Dutch colony
the creation of a Baroque world that changed our palates: sugar, cinnamon, nutmeg, cloves
traded with the Spanish doubloon made from silver extracted from Peru
Old to new spice trade
Arab merchants were in control of the transaction of spices whose surplus of spices could be put into commercial networks that would send these spices around Afroeurasia
as the Dutch take over, what used to be a luxury and preciosity, becomes a commodity
what Asia offered to the European palette
ways to embellish drab foods
1500s: Indian Ocean was already a system of transaction and trade and merchant courts
choke points in this system were special ports, entrepôt, mercantile cities of many faiths, languages and nationalities
most prevalent language Arabic, most common belief system was Islam
dependent on trade
e.g. Ancient Hormuz
southern point of Iran at Strait of Hormuz
no access to fresh water
port of Aden
southern Yemen
no arable land
all food had to be imported
Muslim traders had control of these ports from Indonesia to the Red Sea and Alexandria
created powerful merchant classes
made deals with Ottomans, who were sending out large expeditions and fleet
also with princes of Moghul, India (Mughal Empire, 1526-1857)
1556-1707 spread of Mughal Empire
create polities
pact behind this dynamism
while merchants would produce rents for private wealth, this could be turned into revenues through taxes for states thriving off the backs of this commercial system