More notes at http://tanguay.info/learntracker
C O U R S E 
The Modern World: Global History since 1760
Prof. Philip Zelikow, University of Virginia
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
1914: The Balkan Whirlpool
Notes taken on July 25, 2013 by Edward Tanguay
Balkan whirlpool
Germany is getting sucked into this area of the world and its issues
the Balkans are "toxically anti-imperialist"
against the Austrian-Hungarian Empire
against the Ottoman Empire
they've thrown off imperial rule, but now they are full of quarrels with each other, the Balkans has become a battle ground of warring new nationalities
1908: Bosnia is annexed by the Austro-Hungarian empire
1912-1913: various Balkan wars
players: the old Ottoman Empire, the Young Turks, Bulgarians, Serbians, Romanians, Montenegrans, Macedonians, Greeks, Catholics, Greek Orthodox adherents, Muslims
the bordering empires care what happens here
Austria-Hungary doesn't want their empire to get broken up by these aggressive, ambition anti-imperial nationalities
the Turks feel threatened
the Russian empire empathizes with their Slav counterparts in Serbia
the result is proxy wars
Austria-Hungarian Empire is backing the Albanians against the Serbs
the Russians are on the Serbian side
Serbs have large ambitions to become a South-Slav Empire
for Austro-Hungarian empire and its German allies, Serbian nationalists haven't been sufficiently dealt with
the Russians are frustrated and angry that the Austro-Hungarians were able to get their way with German backing
much resentment is focused on Britian
the 1912 Balkan war was settled by the treaty of London which attempted to "put a lid on the situation", Germany felt that through this treaty it and Austria-Hungaria had not been allowed to properly deal with the nationalists in the Balkan area
accelerants (1912-1913)
an example of an accelerant is gasoline
the agitated situation in the Balkans is like gasoline lying around waiting to be set alight
December 1912: German War Council
British have just gotten involved to put a stop to the war of 1912 and keep the Austro-Hungarians from "putting a boot into the Serbs"
the Germans are furious about this, and it's the form their fury takes that is so interesting
Wilhelm II's notes: "The final struggle between the Slavs and the Teutons will see the Anglo-Saxons on the side of the Slavs and the Gauls."
instead of talking about the states as states, he is talking about them as racial groups and for him it's a contest of races coming to a final struggle, it's that kind of apocalyptic feeling that leaps from the page
the cold facts of what's going on in the Balkan crisis would not cause any dispassionate observer to come to these conclusions, Wilhelm II's conclusions are more a result of his racial and imperialistic world view
German decisions
preventive war
the final struggle is coming, it will be better to have a preventive war before the Russians get too strong along with their French allies
let's Austria-Hungary know that the next time they have a serious crisis in the Balkans, Germany will be behind then 100%, and Germany encourages them to "take a hard line in the Balkans"
war plans
decided on a further build-up of the German army, and took actions to lock them into a plan that even if a war starts in the Balkans, the Germans will be prepared to wage that war in France and Belgium
Russia and France are responding to this military build-up in Germany
Germany increasingly reaches out to make common cause with the Turks
by 1913, there is a lot of gasoline lying around the Balkans, and in 1914, the match will be struck there