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C O U R S E 
A History of the World since 1300
Jeremy Adelman, Princeton University
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
The 1910 Mexican Revolution
Notes taken on August 2, 2017 by Edward Tanguay
a new regime practicing old regime tactics
had lost almost half of its territory in a war with the United States in 1848
after 1850s began a process of rebuilding
enjoyed a pattern of export-led growth
borrowing capital from Europe and the United States
to produce primary staples for other people's consumption
Indian or mestizo
mestizo: who have abandoned tribal life but retain an indigenous identity
much of the profits from the connection to the global economy when to those of European descent
General Porfirio Diaz
President of Mexico from 1876 to 1911
slogan for this age: order and progress
maintained order
rigging elections
pursued progress
foreign investment
trade booming
railroad building
was capable at balancing both order and progress
put pressure on the indigenous peasantry
his regime after many decades in power began to falter
social unrest began to rise
people demanded that there be transparent and fair elections
gave an interview to Pearson's magazine, an American magazine
interviewer: James Creelman
the role of the press on popular opinion was changing
Porfirio said it was time to hold elections and let someone else rule Mexico
if one is going to make a public announcement like this, one should live up to it, but Porfirio did not
political parties began to organize
Porfirio adversaries made themselves known
when Porfirio saw this, he decided to renege on his promise to hold elections
Porfirio was brought down
what ensued was the Mexican Revolution of 1910
attempted to reform the state under duress
similar to China
difficult to accomplish
a case of too little, too late
social discontent came from the bottom to the surface
Pancho Villa (1878-1923)
Emiliano Zapata (1879-1919)
led a peasant revolution
Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata
brought down what was left of the reformist state
guerilla insurgents who swept into the capital, displaced the state
Pancho Villa himself is sitting in the presidential chair
Pancho Villa offered the chair to Emiliano Zapata, but Zapata declined, saying that the chair reeked of power
1917: gathered together to write a constitution
1920: beginning the process of building a nationalist, revolutionary state
a model that became common in what became what is called the Third World
Mexico becomes a model of revolutionist, state-driven government