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C O U R S E 
The European Discovery of China
Dolors Folch, Pompeu Fabra University Barcelona
C O U R S E   L E C T U R E 
The Etymology of the Name Europe
Notes taken on April 16, 2017 by Edward Tanguay
the classical world had provided a mythical name for the Western end of Eurasia
Europa was the name of a Phoenician princess abducted by Zeus, named Europe
a Mediterranean myth
Zeus comes and abducts the princess and brings her back to Crete
sex and sea intermingled with the everlasting appeal of beauty and the beast
this name wasn't used widely until Renaissance times
for most of antiquity, the name for those living in Europe was Romans
maps of 7th century Isidor
three parts: Asia, Europe, Africa
Europeans was used when referring to the Crusades
Europe was also referred to as Christendom, and its inhabitants Christians
1453 Ataman Turks took Constantinople, came as a shock
the later split of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation demolished the idea of a united Christendom
the nominal shift from Christendom to Europe gained momentum in the mid-16th century
Abraham Ortelius (1527-1598)
a Flemish/Netherlandish cartographer and geographer, conventionally recognized as the creator of the first modern atlas
1572 Theatrum Orbis Terrarum: The Representation of the Lands of the World
front cover graphic
Europe at the top with the scepter and cross that is about to dominate the world
below Europe
richly dressed Asia with a ceremonial vessel
semi-naked Africa
nude and cannibal America
Orelius was an enthusiastic traveler but only in Europe
his representations of Asians, Africans, and Americans look like Europeans
the Chinese name for Europe
by the 2nd century BCE, the Chinese began to gain some knowledge of what they called the Western regions
Zhang Qian (d. 113 BCE)
brought back a report that covered most of Central Asia and west to Mesopotamia
more detailed accounts second Han Dynasty in the 5th century
by this time, the Roman Empire was approaching its end
probably describes the Eastern Roman Empire, mostly Roman Syria, which the Chinese called Da Qin [da-CHEEN]
"the inhabitants of that country are tall and well-proportioned"
Da Qin was the same that was used in the 8th century to define the place of origin of the Nestorian missionaries that had arrived to China
doctrine that emphasizes a distinction between the human and divine persons of Jesus, advanced by Nestorius (386–450)
another name for Europe
identified with Byzantium
both Da Qin and Fulin can be found in writings of the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644)
1405 Korean Kangnideo map
silhouette of Europe
Matteo Ricci (1552-1610)
an Italian Jesuit priest and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China missions
drew maps of Europe at end of 16th century
showed to the Chinese