Lectures Watched
Since January 1, 2014
Hundreds of free, self-paced university courses available:
my recommendations here
Peruse my collection of 275
influential people of the past.
View My Class Notes via:
Receive My Class Notes via E-Mail:


Contact Me via E-Mail:
edward [at] tanguay.info
Notes on video lecture:
1980's Heavy Metal
Choose from these words to fill the blanks below:
likable, Rhoads, Sheffeld, Beast, Spades, Slade, fertile, popular, 1978, characteristics, 1970s, London, Zeppelin, Wayne, theatrical, lazy, unison, sophisticated, simple, Butterfly, alongs, Neil, violence, Blackmore, London, corporate, Ian, thunder, Ronni, Baroque, Leather, flattering
because heavy metal became so                by the end of the 80s
we tend to look back to the late 60s and early 70s and call a lot of that music heavy metal
because it seems to share many of the                               
but heavy metal music didn't begin to separate itself out from other blues-based rock music until the end of the            and the early 1980s
at the time when rock music was changing under the influence of                    rock
heavy metal wanted its own kind of distinctiveness
the term "heavy metal"
Ozzie Osborne has criticized it as not a very interesting or                      term
Steppenwolf "Born to be Wild"
"...heavy metal               ..."
but here they were talking more about motorcycles
1968 Iron                   , "In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida"
Iggy Pop
roots of Heavy Metal
Black Sabbath
Ozzie Osborne
at end of 70s, both Ozzie and Black Sabbath attained importance in the growth of Heavy Metal
where grouped in with Deep Purple and Led                 
Gothic, horror themes
dark sound
Iron Man
all players are making the same sees
dark, Gothic theme
Deep Purple
Jon Lord
Ian Gillan
typical and original high scream
Led Zeppelin
when they were heavy they were very heavy
a hard-driving piece
Kiss and Alice Cooper
into the bigger venues, e.g. stadiums
the image of Heavy Metal
back in the day and into the 90s
Heavy Metal musicians and fans did not get much respect
the music was thought of as being very             -minded
the people who listened to it were thought of as being not particularly                           
the music was marked as blue collar, working class
people prone to                 
called headbangers
but as music consumers who were not very sophisticated, they were happy to be called head bangers
positive stereotypes:           's World
honesty, loyalty and unselfish devotion to partying
they are the lovable Heavy Metal fans
not the sharpest knife in the drawer
but                guys
negative stereotypes: Beavis and Butt-head
ignorant, vulgar, and         
these stereotypes can still be used today to indicate a certain personality and place in the culture
the rise of Heavy Metal
in two places
1. the United States centered around Los Angeles
if you were an American kid wanted to play guitar in the popular music business at the end of the 70s, you probably ended up going to Los Angeles
it was like every guitar player was in Los Angeles
Van Halen
         Van Halen
David Lee Roth on lead vocals
1984 "1984"
David Lee Roth leaves
1986 "5150"
Sammy Hagar
"Why Can't This Be Love"
Quiet Riot
1983 Metal Health
"Come On Feel the Noize"
2. the UK centered around              and the north of England
The New Wave of British Heavy Metal
Black Sabbath
1968 formed
1977 Ozzy leaves
replaced him with            James Dio
1980 Heaven and Hell
1981 Mob Rules
Ozzy Osbourne
1977 recruits Randy              as guitarist
1980 Blizzard of Ozz
1981 Diary of a Madman
both Black Sabbath and Ozzy leading the way
other bands getting down to the core of what Heavy Metal really was
Judas Priest
1968 formed in Birmingham
1979 Hell Bent for               
1980 British Steel
Breaking the Law
Living After Midnight
Iron Maiden
1975 formed in East London
1982 Number of the           
Def Leppard
1977 formed in                 , central England
1981 High 'n' Dry
1983 Pyromania
1975 formed in             
never had the success the other bands had
Lemmy Kilmister, vocalist
1980 Ace of             
shared characteristics
virtuosic guitar solos
à la Ritchie                   , of Deep Purple
and their American cousin Eddie Van Halen
the guitar solos often the showcases of these tracks
unrelentingly heavy drum beats
Los Angeles Metal
if you were an American kid wanting to play guitar in the popular music business at the end of the 70s, you ended up going to Los Angeles
it used to be New York
fighting to get into groups
provided a                ground for groups that rose up
Van Halen
1978 Van Halen
1984 1984
Sammy Hagar comes in
1986 5150
Why Can't This Be Love
Quiet Riot
1983 Metal Health
Come On Feel the Noize
originally done by            in the 1970s
1984 Out of the Cellar
"Round and Round"
Mötley Crüe
Tommy Lee, drummer
1983 Shout at the Devil
1989 Dr. Feelgood
Los Angeles Metal
high screaming vocals
imitating singers such as Robert Plant or        Gillan
loud, assertive drumming
big beats
like an airline cockpit
a              with anthem-like vocals
setting the stage for stadium sing-            
everyone raising their fist and singing along

Ideas and Concepts:

From the 1960s heavy metal prototype department, via tonight's History of Rock and Roll class: "Iron Butterfly was an American psychedelic rock band out of San Diego best known for the 1968 hit In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida which provided a dramatic sound that led the way towards the development of 1980s heavy metal music. The title of the song was supposed to have been named 'In The Garden of Eden', but the singer was slurring his words when he told Ron Bushy, the drummer, the title, and the garbled name stuck. At slightly over 17 minutes, the song occupies the entire second side of the In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida album. The lyrics are simple, and heard only at the beginning and the end. The song is considered significant in rock history because, together with music by Blue Cheer, Jimi Hendrix, Steppenwolf, and High Tide, it marks the early transition from psychedelic music into heavy metal."
Another 1960s heavy metal prototype, via tonight's History of Rock and Roll class: "Blue Cheer was an American rock band that initially performed and recorded in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Based in San Francisco, Blue Cheer played in a psychedelic rock style, and are also credited as being some of the earliest pioneers of heavy metal, with their cover of "Summertime Blues" sometimes cited as the first in the genre of heavy metal, or as Eric Clapton once said of them:"There was a band called Blue Cheer, who I think were probably the originators of heavy metal because they didn't really have traditional roots in the blues. They didn't have a mission. It was just about being loud."
A band before its time, via tonight's History of Rock and Roll: "MC5 was an American rock band from Lincoln Park, Michigan, formed in 1964. They were known for "crystallizing the counterculture movement at its most volatile and threatening point". MC5's far left political ties and anti-establishment lyrics and music positioned them as emerging innovators of the punk movement in the United States. Their loud, energetic style of back-to-basics rock and roll paved the way for garage rock and heavy metal a decade later."
The cultural image of Heavy Metal, via tonight's History of Rock and Roll class:

"Back in the 80s and into the 90s, Heavy Metal musicians and fans did not get much respect. The music was thought of as being very simple-minded. The people who listened to it were generally regarded as being not particularly sophisticated, the music marked as blue collar and working class. The fans, who were often prone to violence, were labeled as headbangers because of the way they would bob their heads up and down while they listened to the music, but as music consumers who were not very sophisticated, they were generally happy to refer to themselves as headbangers.

Throughout the 80s and 90s, two cultural stereotypes of Heavy Metal headbangers became popular, one mostly positive and the other quite negative. The positive stereotype was expressed in Wayne's World, a show in which Wayne and Garth were teen characters who were honest, loyal and displayed an unselfish devotion to partying. They were lovable Heavy Metal fans, not the sharpest knives in the drawer, so to say, but generally likable guys.

The negative stereotype came in the 90s in the form of the cartoon Beavis and Butt-head. The show centers on two socially incompetent, heavy metal-loving teenage wannabe delinquents. They have no apparent adult supervision at home, and are dim-witted, under-educated, barely literate, and both lack any empathy or moral scruples, even regarding each other. Their most common shared activity is watching music videos, which they tend to judge by deeming them "cool", or by exclaiming, "This sucks!", the latter is sometimes followed by the demand, "Change it!". They also apply these judgments to other things that they encounter, and will usually deem something "cool" if it is associated with violence, sex, or the macabre. Despite having no experience with women, their other signature traits are a shared obsession with sex, and their tendency to chuckle and giggle whenever they hear words or phrases that can even remotely be interpreted as sexual or scatological."
Full-throttle classic Heavy Metal via tonight's History of Rock and Roll class: "Formed in 1975 in London, Motörhead never had the success of other bands in the New Wave of British Heavy Metal such as Iron Maiden, Judas Priest, and Def Leppard, but Lemmy Kilmister, basist and vocalist who founded Motörhead in 1975, was known for his appearance including his friendly mutton chops, his distinctive gravelly voice, and his distinctive bass playing style. His band's ferocious, loud proto-thrash playing style appealed equally to punks and heavy metal fans."
Classic high school memories via tonight's History of Rock and Roll class:

"Quiet Riot was one of the more successful hard rock acts in Los Angeles in the mid to late 1970s. They often opened for Van Halen in several Los Angeles clubs including the Starwood and KROQ's Cabaret nightclub, before either act had a record deal.

The band's name was inspired by a conversation with Rick Parfitt of the British band Status Quo, in which Parfitt said he'd like to name a band Quite Right, but hisEnglish accent made it sound like he was saying Quiet Riot, hence the name.

"We'll get wild, wild, wild. I know you know the words, I want you to sing it so loud that your throats are gonna bleed, now, come on, let's do it together, now SING IT!"
Paradigm shift via tonight's History of Rock and Roll class: "OMG Quiet Riot stole the song Cum on Feel the Noise from the English glam rock band Slade, who performed it here back in 1973, Noddy Holder exuding an originality that makes this recording the most authentic, much more playful."
From the I-can't-believe-I-listened-to-this-crap-when-I-was-in-highschool deparment, via tonight's History of Rock and Roll class: "Out of the Cellar is the debut studio album by the American heavy metal band Ratt. Released in 1984, it was an immediate success, with wide airplay on radio and heavy rotation on MTV of its singles, especially the decade-defining song 'Round and Round' which was was ranked number 51 on 'VH1:100 Greatest Songs of the 80's', and was named the 61st best hard rock song of all time also by VH1."
1970s: Hippie Aesthetic, Corporate Rock, Disco, and Punk
British Blues-Based Bands and the Roots of Heavy Metal
American Blues Rock and Southern Rock
The Era of Progressive Rock
Jazz Rock in the 70s
Theatrical Rock: KISS, Bowie, and Alice Cooper
American Singer-Songwriters of the 70s
British and Canadian Singer-Songwriters
Country Rock's Influence on 1970s Music
Black Pop in the 1970s
Sly Stone and His Influence on Black Pop, Funk, and Psychedelic Soul
Motown in the 1970s
Philadelphia Sound and Soul Train
Blaxploitation Soundtracks
The Uniqueness of James Brown
Bob Marley and the Rise of Reggae
The Backlash Against Disco
1975-1980: The Rise of the Mega-Αlbum
Continuity Bands in the 1970s
Rock and Roll in the Second Half of the 1970s
U.S. Punk 1967-1975
1974-77: Punk in the UK
American New Wave 1977-80
British New Wave 1977-80
The Hippie Aesthetic: 1966-1980
The Rise of MTV
Michael Jackson: MTV's Unexpected Boon
Madonna as Disruptive Shock Artist
Prince and Janet Jackson
Other Groups Who Benefited from MTV
1980s New Traditionalists and New Wave
1980s New Acts, Old Styles and Blue-Eyed Soul
1970s Progressive Rock Adapts to the 80s
1980's Heavy Metal
1980s Heavy Metal and L.A. Hair Bands
1980s Ambitious Heavy Metal
The Beginning of Rap
1980s: Rap Crosses Over to Mainstream
Late 1980s Hard Core Rap
Punk Goes Hardcore
Late 80s Indie Rock Underground
1990s: The Rise of Alternative Rock
1990s Indie Rock and the Question of Selling Out
1990s Metal and Alternative Extensions
Hip-Hop in the 1990s
Classic Rock of the 1990s
1990s Jam Bands and Britpop
Female Singer-Songwriters of the 1990s
The Rise of Teen Idols in the 1990s
1990s Dance Music